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  1. Hi friends, We have uploaded Indian History material on our website. following are the links. Please refer our website to your friends if you like the website. Part 1: Modern India Prep4Civils | Blog | Download IGNOU's Indian History material Part 1: Modern India Part 2: India Earliest times to 8th century Prep4Civils | Blog | Download IGNOU's Indian History Material Part 2: India Earliest Times to 8th Century Part 3: History of India from 8th to 15th century Prep4Civils | Blog | Download IGNOU's Indian History material Part 3: History of India from 8th to 15th Century Part 4: India from 15th to mid 18th century Prep4Civils | Blog | Download IGNOU's Indian History Material Part 4: India from 15th to mid 18th Century
  2. Hello, Please suggest some book for Geography of India for Mains. I am looking for book similar to as D.D.Basu is for Polity.
  3. Hi Folks, I have managed to compile the list of Indian companies/organizations and their Heads (CEOs, Chairman etc). Hope this will be of some help to you. Cheers, Vinay S
  4. i downloaded india year book 2011 from publications division website but the pdf file is only 3.5 mb and 5 pages .if anyone has downloaded sucessfully please reply
  5. If we are done filling forms, speculating cutoffs and result dates- shall we get back to business? (j/k) Time to revive the same intensity of discussions we had last year in "29 days to go before CSAT" thread Before proceeding, the terminologies 4TF= Four (or two) statements, identify the true or false (prelims) ABS= Absolute GK facts (Prelims and interview) 2M= 2 Markers in GS, including Persons in News (Mains) Op= Opinion, comment, discuss, evaluate, solutions etc (Mains, Interview Question) Int.=Interview 08 February 2012 Coup in Maldives 2M/ ABS Location of Maldives in the World Map Operation Cactus Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Mohamed Nasheed OP Threat of Ocean-level rise in Maldives India Maldives relations: Symbiotic or Parasite? Do you know about any recent coups apart from Male, what were their reasons and outcomes? (int.) How is coup different from revolution or freedom struggle? (int.) Why are the island nations always in bad news? (int.) Yuvri's Cancer 4TF Malignant tumour vs Benigh tumor Why no vaccine for Cancer (similar to Why No vaccine for Malaria Q? earlier prelims) Pulitzer Prize* ABSSiddhartha Mukherjee (also 2M) Lance Armstrong Martina Navaratilova OP 1. Various therapies of Cancer, current state of research. 2. Cancer proves that Malthuian theory is correct. RBI says no to deposits in Mallapuram Gold 4TF/2M 1. Features of NBFC. 2. Difference between NBFC and Bank OP 1. Role of NBFC in Indian economy, 2. List problems and Suggest reforms. NDPS Policy: released by GoI in Feb 2012. 4TF Opium growing states of India. Medicinal use of Morphine. OP: +"Yearbook" questions for GS-Mains. Salient Features of NDPS policy Dr. Pronab Sen Committee Report on Drug pricing Mashelkar Report on Drug Regulatory system. Rafael Fighter Deal with French Company Op Future of Indo-UK relations in the light of Rafael Deal. Rafael choice : good or bad? (Int.) Priority: Fight jet or Food security? (Essay, Int.) Tejas vs Typhoon: Self reliance or Arms-import? PRO-CON analysis. 2M/ ABS GK Typhoon 5th Generation Jet Fighter Lockhead C-130 Superhecules Tejas AWAC Every member requested and invited to participate. Share your mock questions and topics of importance, your thoughts, comments and opinions on news-issues: anything and everything related to Exam-oriented Current Affairs, but Please nobody copypaste entire webpages in this thread- give crispy-highlights only or just links.
  6. If you failed in performance, it does not matter how much you studied for the exam. UPSC is but only the domain of the winners. Now is the time you must pull all your energies and zeal into one place to crack the exam like Civil Service Prelims. As the exam is at the doorsteps, I would like to narrate the points you must master during this time. Time before the examination: The most crucial and testing time is the time before the actual examination. There are lot of apprehensions and nervousness. Do revise your course before the exam, it is best not to be swayed by new facts and information at the very fag end. If you had been serious enough during all the time, there is no stone left un-turned for you, and all what you get on the last day harm more than anything. If you cannot revise what you have studied during all the time, you are left with more of guesswork, as you seem to remember the answer but not for sure. Now with negative marking, this has to be very rigrous and vigorously followed. keep your system in place, health is the foremost. You must give everything to your hormones to work for you. Your adrenaline should work at the optimum level.Wear light and comfortable clothes, as keeping cool during this summer preliminary is really taxing.Have a light breakfast and do not go empty stomach. You must arrange your lunch which does not actually have more of carbohydrates, like rice as they tend to bring sleep in the afternoon. Attempting Questions: With coming into place the negative marking, one of the foremost thing you must harp on is 'Whether to attend a particular question'? You need to switch from 'straight line' strategy to 'hop-hop' strategy. Previous years, you needed 'Answers' & 'Intelligent guesses' with each question and you would have completed the question paper; that is what we call it a straight line strategy. A 'hop-hop' strategy is useful when you have negative marking around. Here you require to know 'Answers' and 'Judgment power' and remember 'Intelligent Gusses' should take a back seat, and only to be resorted to in extremely rare condition. So you must attempt those questions first which you are deadly sure, and return back to those which requires 'Judgment' to be attempted. One of the issues that crops up is 'Hop-Hop' strategy, is the agitation of mind, and keeping calm in these circumstances is really important. You tend to underestimate and underscore the number you have attempted, and visualizing very poor rate. However, it is not the case, and you must keep the cool and composure especially during the 'Judgment' period of attempting questions. 'Hop-Hop' requires you to organize yourself, and remember those questions on priority which you are going to attempt during 'Judgement'. [*]Time Management: Time management is an art learned from childhood days and is a part of discipline. To temporary inflate your time management you must solve many previous year question papers and see that you are able to stuck with time schedule. This will bring out the time factor you are able to respond per question. While solving the paper remember that, you have less time to see the time factor in play, but a habitual knowledge of time will help you foresee the time without actually calculating it. Maths Questions: Those not very good in maths should reasure that they are able to solve them in reasonable time before hand, or else those questions should be attempted at spare time. Remember that General Studies means you need to be deadly sure of the time management skills. A math question which appear difficult seems to be a black hole and pulls you down at the expense of other attemptable questions. You must use your skills to be able to handle this pressure. Remember that your optional carries more marks and invariably should get more attention of yours.
  7. Many people outside civils hubs like Delhi, Chennai and Hyderabad are finding it difficult to get out-of-print (yet very useful) books like "The story of Civilization", "Gazetteer of India - Indian art and culture", etc. Besides, given the scores of new books to be bought, xerox will save lot of money! Many people outside civils hubs like Delhi, Chennai and Hyderabad are finding it difficult to get out-of-print (yet very useful) books like "The story of Civilization", "Gazetteer of India - Indian art and culture", etc. Besides, given the scores of new books to be bought, xerox will save lot of money! I bought xerox copies for the following 26 books from a personal acquaintance in Hyderabad, who is in Xerox business since 15+ years. If you are in Hyderabad, you can directly go and buy the xerox copies. Or else, you can order books even by courier. For more details, Contact: Srinivas (Gandhinagar, Hyderabad) - 09848738930. Paper-I ======= >> Indian Culture 1. Spectrum Indian art and Culture 2. Gazateer of India volume-II - Indian art and culture >> World History 3 & 4. NCERT The story of civilization vol-I & II (very good quality unlike the fainted copies in market) >> History after 1947 till present 5. India since Independence by Bipin Chandra Comments: * I believe "Gazateer of India volume-II - Indian art and culture" is going to be very useful this time, given the increased overall weightage for culture part. * I studied NCERT The story of civilization vol-I & II, and found that there are no other books which explain the concepts so lucidly and clearly like the NCERTs. These books are really like story books and can be completed in short time. These books are like Bipin Chandra for Modern History! Paper-II ======== >> Governance, Constitution & Polity 6. Oxford - Public institutions in India: performance, design and appraisal by Pratap Bhanu Mehtha >> Social Justice 7. 12th FYP 8. Economic Survey Comments: * Public institutions in India by Pratap Bhanu Mehtha is an awesome book. Given, the general or vague or analytical questions being asked in the exam, this book might come handy. Paper-III ========= >> Environment 9. New Age International - Environmental Studies by Kaushik & Kaushik >> Diaster Management 10. GoI report on Diaster management in India 11. 2nd ARC report on Crisis management >> Linkages between development and spread of extremism 12. GoI report on development and extremism >> Basics of Cyber Security 13. Microsoft book on basics of cyber security Comments: * Environmental Studies by Kaushik & Kaushik is a recommended book for JNTU students. It covers the exam portion on 'Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment' much more comprehensively than other books. * The Microsoft cyber security book can be understood even by non-engg. background people who have comp. basics Paper-IV ======== >> Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. 14. Ethics & Integrity in Public Administration by Raymond Fox >> Human Values and lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. 15. Restoring Values : Keys To Integrity, Ethical Behaviour And Good Governance by E Shreedharan >> Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion 16. Attitude Is Everything by Jeff Keller >> Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. 17. Working with Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman >> Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. 18. Oxford: The Moral Philosophers - An Introduction to Ethics by Richard Norman 19. Justice: Whats the right thing to do? by Micheal Sandel (This book is companion to video lectures) 20. Idea of Justice by Amartya Sen 21. Theory of Justice by John Rawls >> Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker- sections. >> Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. >> Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizens Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. 22. Pearson: Ethics and Governance by Archana Sawshiya 23. Ethics In Governance by Ramesh Arora 24. 2nd ARC report on ethics in governance 25. 2nd ARC report on RTI 26. 2nd ARC report on Citizen centric administration Comments: * Restoring Values by E Shreedharan was recommended by S. K. Mishra (Retd IAS) of Chronicle IAS academy. It has essays by many outstanding people like Kalam, Shreedharan, Venkatachalaih, Jaiprakash Narayan IAS and so on (almost half are IAS/IPS Officers). I found it to be very good. * Archana Sawshiya covers many of the above topics * I believe more than coaching institute materials, which themselves dont have ethics, reading standard textbooks and reflecting on them would help us more for the GS IV paper. NOTE: Some of the above books might be available on internet in pdf format. Since I prefer hardcopies, I did not bother to gather them. Please redirect all your queries to the above contact number. If interested, order or else, ignore this thread like yet an another bakwas thread! Good Luck with your preparation.
  8. ANYONE PLS EXPLAIN THIS .... :-( MY dear friends my question is as simple as "until we are self can we think of helping other countries??? i mean ab india ke villages main road toh bane nahi then why we are making roads in afghanistan..doesnot it is wasting of indian tax payers money??? pls explain
  9. before dicussing how and what to read in hindu,ET, or any other news paper thers a common problem faced by student is how much time should be devoted to newspaper and how to finish up in the given time 1)let's begin with problem of time:::: lot's student face problem when they spent 3-4 hrs on single newspaper.given the need a student should allot not more than 2 hrs for two news paper ie: hindu =1hr(with exception on thrusday issue which is bit lenghty ) economics times=30 to 45 min maximun. but how come students take more time in single newspaper a)you never had a reading habit in your school college or you were just casual reader concentrating on headline ,politics and bollywood. moment you come for civil service and some serious reading is required u fail to read in time bound is b'cos YOU HAVE A SLOW READING SPEED. c)next most important problem is student dont know what to read what not to read in a news paper ending in reading whole news paper for 3-4 hrs. if these are the problem then there should be solution to it also.::::: to increase ur reading speed there is no magic wand that will help to complete news paper in just 1 hr in 1 month. this is skill you develope with time....and only solution to is READ READ READ and READ. you'll develop the speed with time .so don't get frusted THOUGH YOUR PACE SEEMS TO BE SLOW AND YOU FIND YOURSELF BEHIND....A TIME WILL COME WHEN A RIPPLE WIND WILL BLOW YOU AND PLACE AHEAD OF dont get disheartened easily .have patience secondly, a person is wasting his so much time on single news paper is b'cos he/she doesn't know what to read and what to how to deal with it. theres only one way to know what is important in news paper only when you know how to prepare for the civil service and what is required to be done for the prepation in which newspaper stand out as most important part. here how you could know what is important in newspaper:::::: 1) look at the 10 yrs sample paper of upsc .jot down on paper sheet the areas from which question are asked that include current national international...and current event in polity,geog,enviroment etccc....once you wriiten the topic on a paper you will easily analyze what will be your are of concentartion 2) you'll come to know that all stuff on LOCAL CRIME,TERRORISM,BOLLYWOOD MASALA, PETTY POLITICAL WAR OF POLITICAL PARTIES, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION(eg. sheela dixit inaugrating a park in delhi on which 50 cr. were spent) NEWS ON SPORT NOT IMPOTANT FOR PRELIMS,AWARD NOT IMP FOR PRELIMS NOWADAYS but can be asked IN mains about the award description And not who got the award...if u r reading eco page then small company aquisition or the yearly profit reveiws are of no concern either. 3) one should know that upsc want you know the event that effect people and and a nation both at national and international no one has time neither you nor i nor do upsc for petty stuff READING OF NEWS PAPER SHOULD NOT BE DONE IN ISOLATION ie; while reading news paper you should prepare youself for prems,mains,essay, and the INTERVIWS altogether. so how should that be done :::::::::::::::: so get some stuff together while reading a newspaper 1...HIGHLIGHTER OR A PEN 2...AN ATLAS 3...INTERNET(get urself used to internet b'cos u r gonna come across lot's of term,issues whose answer no coaching institute gona give;s you who have to do all the hard work) 4...A NOTE BOOK(jot down all ur doubt in it..which u need to search on internet) so how to read news paper::::::::::::::: once u r aware of what to read..u can use use the highlighter or a pen to under line those stuff... moment u come across any country, a capital open ATLAS and check it.u come across a river check in ATLAS where does it flow,states it passes or country,does it passes,does it passes through any tropic of cancer or caprican if u come across news on iran check ON INTERNET it's Nuclear sites. note down those stuff in a notebook or save it on ur computer...those terms and concepts turns out to BE 2 MARKER IN GS MAINS..and instead to concentrate more on news paper u later start mugging all those stuff like SPECTRUM S/T ISSUES which r hardlty relevant today. how to read HINDU::::::::::: if you follow the above steps i hope u will surely come to know hw to read hindu and other stuff.LISTEN THESE STEPS R NO UNIVERSAL RULE ...I HAVE DEVELOPED WITH TIME EVEN U WILL DO IT. well I'M DISCUSSING HINDU OF FEB10,2012....BUT SAME APROACH DONE APPLY EVERY DAY..every day u have different stuff..nd every day u need u need different aproach to different news HINDU 12 FEB ,2012(what need to read) PAGE 1::: SIT let modi off(read it u'll require it in may be interview or question may may be asked in main in eg.essay communalism) election commision censure khusheed( know about ec from polity(function ,power) ,it;s imp. in indian democracy where election r contested with the help of money,wine and castesicm) REST ON THIS PAGE U CAN HAVE AN QUICK OVERVIEW PAGE 20::::: MGNREGS IN demand in jharkahnd due to aadhar(u need to know about mnrega, and aadhar and all issue around the two which were in news last on year) emergency record.......PMO(it's shame.....PMO a topic for public hw impotance of PMO have decreased in policy making and all stuff) PAGE 19,18,17:::::: sports not a hot topic now adays for prelims but for mains as 2 marker r asked on coomonwealth games and last one F1 game(flags) question can be asked in mains on major sport event in country if held.....doping issue(mains , interview) ,indian hockey condition(interview) PAGE 16:::: Just read one on export surge PAGE 15:::::: tata in red (detail not imp...why it's eurozone crisis...try to know about european union,eurozone ,any pact met by them..etc) public debt(read it and finf what is public debt and internal debt) trade team visit iran(read it as it's important ...find out later what desion were;s imp for mains indo -iran bilateral reation...indian position toward iran as in security council of un)etcccc PAGE 14::::: read the international page completely eg. maldive ...situation there ,indian responce ,india relationship with it gonna effect in future....indian ocean scurity etc....look from all angle PAGE 13:::: just read on food bill(what is food billl, what r the issues ,why some states opposing,is it possible to have a food bill with balloning fiscat defecit country is facing....etc) PAGE 12::::: India bangladesh resume talk on teesta(very imp..try to find on INTERNET what is the teesta important is it for india bangladesh bilateral relations...what it was not conclude in the last manmohan singh visit to bangladesh...whay mamta opposed it...CHECK ON ATLAS....teesta''d origin and final pt.....which states it passes...any lake near it. on INTERNET india water dispute with it's neighbours) pmo to monitor fright corridor (find what r frieght which r under construction with foreign assistance bank or country..govt is planning to form food park along dedicated corridors...find what r food park...why govt want to set it ) PAGE 10 &11:::MOST IMPPPPPPPPPPPP) EDITORIAL AND PO-ED this is the most imp part of news paper read it completely and try to finish it in 20-30 minutes.reading editorial will not only help u in prelims but also in mains and interviews.last year CSAT some comprehension passage were from hindu editorial. once u have read it cut the important ones and keep in the file.while rest of underlined important news cut it and add it to ur copy as notes for current affairs...don't waste too much time on hand written notes. THE EDITORIALS WHICH U HAVE BEEN COLLECTION IN A SEPATE FILE TO READ IN FUTURE..LET ME TELL U WILL NEVER DO IT,,,ONLY DUST WILL REST ON IT...SO GET INTO HABIT OF EVERY DAY READING OF THOSE CUT EDITORIAL::::: 1)FIRST READ IT 2)CLOSE IT AND TRY TO RECALL WHAT U HAVE READ AND UNDER STOOD 3)WRITE DOWN ON A PAPER ALL THAT U RECALL initially u won't be able to write more than 5-10 lines....slowly it will increase DOING THIS EXERCISE WILL NOT ONLY HELP U FOR ESSAY PREPATION AND HELPFUL IN MAINS FOR ANSWERING QUESTION...THIS WILL ALSO HELP IN DEVELOPING UR UNDERSTANDING ABT TOPIC....NOT MENTION IT WILL ALSO IN CURRENT AFFAIRS FOR PRELIMS AND COMPREHENSION FOR CSATTTT SO DON'T IGNORE ITTTTTTT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ThERES one page on PERISCOPE.... read the one on enviroment and biodiversity,,,govt policies if RELEVANT rest pages from states r not important PROVIDES A MAJOR POLICY DESION MADE BY STATE OR NEWS OF NATION IMPORTANCE.....!!!!!!!!!!! REGARDING HOW TO READ ECONOMICS TIMES ::::::::: theres only on way to know what to read in ET as i have told earlier look for how are the question been asked by upsc from economy...moment u recognize that it will be easy for you to comlete the news paper in 30 minutes
  10. Hi, Having gone through a number of brain-storming sessions with me and my friends,I have zeroed myself in on geography. I have got Indian geo by Bhullar,Human Geo by Majid hussain and physical geo by savindra singh, which one among these would be good to start with? Thanks in advance.
  11. Hindu editorial Hi I have tried writing concise of hindu editorial please read it and give ur feedback in comments so that i can improve my newspaper reading abilities 14th Dec, Hindu editorial This editorial deals with India-China trade imbalance. The key points are: * China is the largest importer of India’s iron ore * Every month 9 million tonnes of iron ore is shipped from India to China * China ships to India various manufactured goods ranging from locks to power equipments * Today China is helping India in infrastructure development, telecom expansion and power sector development * This has resulted in a record bilateral trade(expected to cross 60 billion $), making china the largest trade partner. But the trade deficit that india has with China is unsustainable * Trade deficit has quadrupled in the last 5 years from 4 to 16 billion $ * Deficit with China makes up 20% of India’s deficit * India’s strengths lie in IT, engineering products and Pharmaceuticals sector * But they haven’t been able to penentrate into Chinese markets because of china’s artificial trade barriers * TCS is the only IT company which has won a contract for a chinese company * Also our labour laws and comparatively higher wages make indian goods uncompetetive in china’s markets * The widening trade deficit has been source of tension in the bilateral relations * Last year, maximum anti-dumping investigations against China was filed by India * Indian industrialists are calling for import duties on chinese goods as cheap Chinese goods are crippling domestic industry * However things are changing for the good now * With labour shortages, demographic changes and increasing labour wages, china’s export competetiveness is on the decline * India also needs to make amends in its house. Some of them are * Rationalise labour laws * Improve infrastructure * Provide right subsidies to specific sectors CHINA’s SOLUTION for TRADE IMBALANCE * Expand tourism * Allow China into Indian manufacturing sector * Improve financial cooperation between the two * Establish a free trade area
  12. I have read NCERT books for economics,.. I was planning to buy Dutta & Sundaram, but mrunal's blog recommends Ramesh Singh. Please help
  13. Background I graduated in June 2011 with an integrated master's degree in economics from IIT Madras. When did I start my preparation? I started preparing for CSE May 2010 onwards. So it was around that time that I started looking into Econ seriously from CSE point of view. Coaching: Despite having a degree in Economics I didnt feel that I was prepared enough score good marks in Econ in CSE. Hence I joined Prof Lalwani at Axiom Indian Administrative Service Academy, New Delhi for Econ coaching. Attending his classes brought a lot of conceptual clarity that I didnt have earlier. So at the end I can say that joining his coaching was a very good decision indeed and I owe a large part of my success to him. Strategy for Paper 1: Books referred Micro - Microeconomics by Koutsoyiannis; Microeconomics by Pyndick and Rubinfeld Macro - Macroeconomics by Richard Froyen Monetary Economics - Macroeconomics by Richard Froyen and Prof Lalwani's notes Public Finance - Didnt follow any specific text. Relied on the things I had learnt during my graduation and Prof. Lalwani's Notes International Economics - Salvatore; Krugman and Obstfeld Growth and Development - Growth and Development by AP Thirlwall; Economic Development by Todaro and Smith Strategy: I tried to use only the standard texts recommended at good universities around the world. I think this is very essential to get the concepts right. I havnt seen the traditionally recommended books for CSE Econ like Jhingan, Gupta etc; so cannot comment whether those books should be used or not. But my advice would be, read good standard and universally appreciated text as far as possible. (But I must also add here that I was used to reading all the text I have mentioned in 'books referred' right from my undergraduate days. So I had a bias towards reading these texts.) I finished the syllabus once before UPSC Preliminary Examination. But as I have said above I wasnt very confident about my preparation. Hence I took at coaching from Prof Lalwani. I used to revise class notes almost everyday and devoted a lot of time to understanding each concept that I thought was important. Answer Writing: Writing practice is very essential for Economics because one has to train oneself to speak in the language of graphs. I feel that it is important that as far as possible things are explained through a graph in paper 1. Making good and accurate graphs requires a lot of practice. So I devoted a lot of time in mastering drawing the graphs. Once a graph is drawn the answer automatically flows as an explanation of the graph. I used to write answers frequently and give it to Prof Lalwani to review it critically. In my CSE paper, I tried to include at least one graph in every answer except where it was absolutely impossible to do so. Strategy for Paper 2 Books referred: There are no standard texts I referred for paper 2 preparation. One has to read a lot about the happenings in the economy through various sources. Some of the sources I referred to are: Indian Economy Since Independence by Uma Kapila Oxford Handbook on Indian Economy Class notes of Prof. Lalwani Relevant articles in Economic and Political Weekly including articles from the archive relating to some important issues like the poverty debate Opinion articles on Indian Economy from sources like Economic Times, Live Mint and Business Line Economic Survey Budget speech and budget documents RBI's handbook on statistics for various data Speeches of RBI governor and deputy governors available on RBI's website I had tried reading Indian Economy by Dutt & Sundaram initially. I feel that it is an eminently unreadable book. It is very poorly edited and the data are not updated even in the latest editions. It is very poor source of preparation if you are aiming at getting high marks in paper 2. But I admit that at times some topics may not be found elsewhere other than this book. So you may have to go through the frustration of reading some part of this book. I never referred to Mishra & Puri's Indian Economy, so cannot comment about that book. Strategy: The strategy for paper 2 was to first read up on each topic mentioned in the syllabus from different sources (mostly web sources). Then I prepared notes on each of these topics and did a critical analysis of each of these topics so that I understand them better. I supplemented my understanding with research papers in EPW and editorials in newspapers. I had done all this before writing UPSC Preliminary Examination. After UPSC Preliminary Examination I devoted most of my time to understanding paper 1 better. For paper 2 I read Lalwani sir's notes. Answer Writing: Never did any answer writing preparation for paper 2 because it is mostly about expressing one's opinions on issues and I was confident about being able to do that well. My advice to aspirants with Econ as an option: 1. Try to read from good text 2. Answer writing practice an absolute must for paper 1. I cannot emphasize this fact more. The more you practice, the better you will score. 3. For paper 2 do not stick to any one text. Try to read up as different sources till you are able to critically analyse the issue from different angles. My final marks in Econ CSE 2011: Paper 1 - 170 Paper 2 - 209 Total: 379
  14. Hello, Please suggest me good geography books to be referred to while starting from the simplest level. Most of the books cover only a particular section so does that mean i wil have to study separate books for evry topic. I am totally confused as to from which corner i should start from. Regards Nidhi
  15. I have found many students on this forum confused the way to prepare the Indian Economy section. And the reason is not surprising. There is hardly any quality study material available on the subject and many students hail from a non-economics background to complicate matters. Well, the strategy that I train my students with for this exam is called the CFFA strategy. CFFA stands for Concept, Fact, Figures and Analysis. This strategy prepares the student in the best possible manner to tackle this section, both in the prelims as well as the mains. It covers all kinds of questions that are asked in the exam. It involves collecting a database of Content, Facts, Figures and Analysis regarding the Indian Economy during the course of your preparation through various sources. Here’s the breakdown: CONCEPT: Conceptual knowledge is central to understand any news regarding the economy, its analytical aspects or any data related to it. You would not really understand the meaning or implication of a news of let’s say, rise in fiscal deficit if you do not understand the very concept of fiscal deficit. So wherever you read any new concept from any source be it a newspaper article or your coaching class notes or any book on the matter, make sure you make note of that concept and you clarify the actual meaning (mind you, not definition) of the concept thoroughly, preferably with examples. If you do not do this, you will fall into the trap of learning by rote, a subject which is ironically as real life as it gets. Now, what you then need to do is to connect these concepts with the news as it comes in. Then you will understand the relationship between different economic concepts – their interaction with each other and their relationship – how change in one causes change in another. This will help you immensely in developing an analytical ability for not only your mains exam but also from the prelims as in the recent years, there have been many questions coming from an analytical point of view. FACTS Collect various facts about the economy. Like the fiscal deficit is rising recently. Or RBI has been raising interest rates. These are cold facts you have to collect while reading your newspaper articles. Having an army of facts will help you relate with the concepts you have been collecting – the behaviour of different concepts or variable in the real-life Indian economy in recent times. Again these will prove great building blocks for your cracker answers. FIGURES No economic analysis or argument is complete without supporting numbers. If I say Fiscal Deficit was high last year – I have to show how much was it as a percentage of GDP. If I say Fiscal deficit has been rising in the past few years – I have to show the yearly data. Remember, supporting figures always help you make a cracker economics answer. A warning here is in order – please make sure your data sources are credible. You can blindly trust sources such as Economic Times or the EPW, Economic Survey etc. Please guard against the so called compendiums selling in the market – VERIFY their data. ANALYSIS This being the most important of the quartet, you can pick up analysis from news reports, articles, editorials or pieces in the magazines. Analysis means that given the facts and figures about any issue – what next? It means the implications of any current scenario – how is it shaping up. One can analyse and understand analysis only if one understands the concept. The idea of this strategy is that once you follow this strategy for a given period of time, you are armed with enough ammunition to tackle any kind of question in both prelim or mains exam. Be it a question about data in the prelims, or a 20 word question about a concept in mains or long answer question on a current issue in Indian Economy. “Study” and not read, Economic Times thoroughly. It will give you a lot of new economic terms, priceless and latest data, analysis and all the ammunition you need. Make sure you note down data separately under various heads and whenever you see an update in any data over a period of time, note it down chronologically. It will help you see the trend and identify with the analysis. Concentrate on news of: Any new data released by the government. This will help you create a collection of data in the Indian Economy. Make sure you note the period and denomination well as also the release of the data (E.G Trade deficit in India in April-June stood at $144 billion). Immediately when you read trade deficit, note it down and look for the conceptual meaning. Know what is trade deficit – how it is calculated, what does it mean, what happens when trade deficit goes down, what happens when trade deficit goes up. This will help in clearing you economic head. Editorials: Editorials will provide you all – concept, facts, figures and analysis. Inter-relationship among variables will be clear after reading them, so will be the analysis of any movement in an economic variable. Most importantly look out for implication of any economic event on Indian Economy and the suggestions for improvement given by the author. The last part is extremely important for analytical edge to your answers. Steps that are needed to be taken to amend a situation is a very important part to economic analysis. Make sure you get that clear enough through these editorials Central bank’s monetary policy – RBI’s monetary policy announced regularly will give you a lot of insight into the economic situation prevalent as the central bank does a thorough analysis of the same itself before announcing any policy. Read articles that come as a precursor to the announcement of the policy. They predict what steps the RBI will take and list down the elements of current economic scenario. Priceless Read the Economic Survey thoroughly. For the uninitiated, Economic Survey is the document released by the government just before the release of the Union Budget that analyses the performance of the Economy in the preceding financial year. It is a wealth of data, facts and analysis. Not to be missed under any cost. Prelims contain a lot of questions from this. Keep it simple: Do not note down all and any data you come across. To judge the relevance, think of how is this data significant to the overall economy. Avoid collecting a mountain, rather create a building. No cheap, unreliable stuff. Ive heard enough of the cheap guides available in the market under various prakashans written by god knows who. Please AVOID. Keep your preparation scientific using credible sources of information. Use Internet. Very good source. Search news articles and those written by experts. Investopedia is brilliant for conceptual clarity DO NOT LEARN BY ROTE. I want to tell students tha Economics is a beautiful subject. Do not fear it. Love it and to love it, you need to UNDERSTAND it rather than taking a short cut of cramming up definitions. Each concept in Economics has a logic to it. Understanding of the same is vital to one’s preparation. This is because when a student crams up, economics being an analytical subject does not spare him and he is trapped at some stage that requires analysis. Understand concept and collect info. That is the mantra. Rest, I am always there to help you whenever you’re in any doubt. All the very best!
  16. Is it possible that two candidates secure equal votes in Indian Presidential Election? If yes, then what is the process to resolve this dead-lock?
  17. OK, the heading may look exaggerated but still why Newspapers, The Hindu or Indian express(or any other), are considered so important. The kind of Information they provide seem so vague and high level to me. Most of the articles are so in dept evaluation of a topic that I get confused between what to leave and what to read. I used to make notes, and I'll keep making them but if my notes are going to become like a Manorma 2013 then why should I read newspapers to make another bundle of facts. So here is my question Why exactly newspapers matter, and what kind of information should we need to copy down?
  18. i was very confused between repo and bank rate and thus thought that many would be like me confusing and irritating so here it is Both bank rate and repo rate serve the same purpose for meeting the liquidity needs of the commercial banks.Both the rates are determined by RBI in accordance with the money supply in the market.The only difference between the two are,in REPO RATE, there is sale of security to RBI on an agreement to" repurchase" it at a future date at predetermined price.That is why the term REPO means "REPURCHASE AGREEMENT".Whereas in BANK RATE, there is no such sale or repurchase agreement.It takes place as mere lending of money to commercial banks at fixed rate ,i.e the bank rate.
  19. many readers probably know this already but for people who are new to this game, scaling was a mysterious black magic UPSC uses to weed out the unfortunate hapless candidate. anway, I looked it up on the net and it seems they use something called normalized equi-percentile method. (page 8) I will try to write a easy to understand version of this later.
  20. Hello friends. i want to know feedback about analog ias correspondance material for ias mathematics... if someone has taken it could he please share this info... thanks
  21. Can anybody please help me on Indian Culture ??
  22. I have Joined the community today!! Have a nice day!!
  23. Dear All, I m a new aspirant preparing for Civil Services Exam. Pls share links from whr i cn download study material/notes. Pls mail me material at[MENTION=7065]gmail[/MENTION].com if u hv any thnx & regards, DSihag
  24. Now its only one optional in Indian Administrative Service,join under manoj sir for kannada,he is very practical and his writing practice helps us to face the exam with confidence u will face the exam many times before the real exam his topicwise notes also nice
  25. Hello all.. Having decided to go for the civil service examination 2010 couple of months back, i have spent considerable time researching on optionals and coaching institutes. In this regard, i have also been to Delhi to check out the famous 'factories' there.. However, I have decided am better off preparing at home(in hyd). In this regard, I am in a fix on which institute to chose between RC REDDY and BRAINTREE oh optionals are Pub-Admin and Chemistry(the former for prelims) From the few people i have spoken to and a few journalists who cover the educational area in the newspapers, the impression i have got is that RC REDDY is great for GS and good conceptually for Public Administration. The drawback for me is the huge strength of the class and the awkward timings(heard they teach optionals in the mornings and general studies in the evenings). commuting twice would surely be a waste of time. Coming to BRAINTREE, I liked the idea of having tests everyday after class(MCQ) and a discussion on it later. Also the low strength of the class works to its advantage. The negative here as I have heard is that the GS coaching isnt as good as in RC REDDY. Finally, I request the students or former students of these two coaching institutes to be kind enough to share their thoughts/experiences about them. Since the batches are set to start around the second week of November, I need to decide and fast! Thanks a lot in advance! Cheers! btw my profile : Nikhil ; B.Tech Mechanical Engg.(IIT-Madras) work exp of 1 year at Halliburton Energy Services