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  1. First attempt, no coaching and Abhishek Tiwary (IO username abhikrt) walks away with 69th Rank. And today he shares his journey and preparation tips for both History and Political Science, for the benefit future UPSC aspirants. [h=1]Introduction[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Name [/TD] [TD]ABHISHEK KUMAR TIWARY [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Roll number [/TD] [TD]009754 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rank (CSE 2011) [/TD] [TD]69 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Optional Subjects [/TD] [TD] History Political Science [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medium for Mains Exam [/TD] [TD]English [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Mains Examination Centre [/TD] [TD]Delhi [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Number of Attempts [/TD] [TD]1 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Details of Graduation and Post-Grad. [/TD] [TD]B.Tech (2006), Electrical Engineering, IIT Kanpur [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Schooling (Medium) [/TD] [TD]English [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc. [/TD] [TD]Reading books and playing outdoor games. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Are you a working professional? [/TD] [TD]Yes [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, then did you leave your job or prepared while on the job? [/TD] [TD]Yes I left job in March 2011 and was not working till November 2011 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you take Coaching? [/TD] [TD]Prelims: No Mains: No Interview: No [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you buy any postal courses? [/TD] [TD]No [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you join any Mock test series? [/TD] [TD]Yes, attended mock test series for preliminary exam. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you appear in any other competitive exams? [/TD] [TD]No [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, provide the details: [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]Questions[/h][h=1]Inception[/h]Q. When and how did the inspiration and idea of joining civil service come in your mind? I was working as a software engineer in EDA (Electronic Design Automation) sector since August 2006. Professionally I had a very satisfying career and was able to publish/file three patents. However there remained a feeling that whatever I am doing will impact only lives of people like me or better off than me. I am from Bihar and did my most of schooling from Varanasi. Whenever I used to go back to my place, nobody really bothered to understand what my job is. It was reasonable as it would have impacted their life in very minimal way. That was my basic inspiration for pursuing civil services as career. [h=1]The Choice of Optional Subjects[/h] Q. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? My interest in subjects and material availability were main factors behind selecting my optional. History had been my favorite subject since my school days and I never lost any touch with it. Books which I read as hobby mainly comprised of some historical writings. So it was a natural choice for me. In selecting second optional I took some time. Factors that I considered in selecting political science were usefulness in GS, some alignment with first optional. [h=1]Momentum[/h]Q. How did you sustain the study-momentum throughout the year? There is no problem in taking some break from one’s continuous study schedule. For me it helped in rejuvenating my interest. However one should be cautious against making breaks a habit. Fixing short term goals can help in sustaining study momentum. One should keep on evolving his/her goals so that boredom does not creep in. It did help me. [h=1]Hours[/h]On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? I started my preparation in August 2010 when I was still in job. I resigned from my job in March 2011. Till then I had completed one reading of both optional and core syllabus of GS. In job I somehow managed to study for 3-4 hours on average. I tried completing reading of newspaper in office itself and used to compile important news daily after coming back from office. After March 2011, I used to study 7-8 hours daily which sometimes used to go upto 9-10 hours. [h=1]Internet[/h]How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? Internet was important part of my preparations. Google news was important in knowing different perspectives. Government websites like “pib.nic.in” proved useful in understanding process of government policy making. I started visiting these sites very late in my preparation. Given my not so good score in GS I feel that following these websites from early part of my preparation could have proved useful. Beside I looked out at internet for understanding topics which I could not understand from materials available with me. [h=1]Essay[/h] How did you prepare yourself for the essay? Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? What were your keypoints in that essay? How many marks did you get in that essay? No special preparations. Topic for essay was “Creation of smaller states and its administrative, economic and developmental implications”. I started my essay with idea of Indian federalism and democratic system of country. Then I related these to demands of smaller state. Following this I listed out various movements since independence related to demands of smaller states, their reasons. Following this I went on to describe administrative, economic and developmental implications. Marks that I obtained for my effort – 118. [h=1]Profile[/h] Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” So, How important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? How do you rate your own profile? How much portion of your interview centered on your profile? Did they ask any uncomfortable questions from your profile? If yes, how did you reply to those questions? Profile is relevant to a certain extent. If one’s profile contain some unique attributes then his/her preparation of interview can become simple. However success in interview can be achieved despite of any uniqueness in profile. From my profile I was expecting question on IP rights as I had mentioned about filing of few patents. Hence my preparation for interview was centered on my profile. No uncomfortable question was asked from my profile. [h=1]Backup[/h]Q. In case you had not cleared the UPSC exam, what was your career/future backup plan? I would have joined back some engineering job. [h=1]Working professional[/h]What is your advice and tips to working professionals – particularly on time Management? I may not be right person to give any advice or tips to working professionals. I left my job as I felt my preparations will remain inadequate if I don’t leave it. [h=1]Family and Friends[/h]Q. Behind one topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? I am thankful to my parents, my friends who always believed in me. [h=1]Your Study plan[/h][h=1]CSAT (Paper I) General studies[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Current Affairs [/TD] [TD]Hindu, Internet [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History Ancient/Medieval/Modern [/TD] [TD]History was my optional [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Physical Geography [/TD] [TD]NCERT 11th/12th [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India [/TD] [TD]NCERT 11th/12th [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of World [/TD] [TD]NCERT 11th/12th [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity and Governance [/TD] [TD]Political Science was my optional [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public Policy [/TD] [TD]Followed few websites of government like pib.nic.in, website of planning commission. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rights issue [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment and Biodiversity [/TD] [TD]Chronicle Magazine [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economic and social Development [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economy [/TD] [TD]Mostly from newspapers, NCERT 11th/12th, Coaching notes available in market. [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]CSAT Paper II (Aptitude)[/h] Joined test series of Vajiram as it was my first attempt and wasn’t very much sure of my preparation at that time. I didn’t found it very useful. [h=1]Mains Examination[/h][h=1]Compulsory Language papers[/h][TABLE] [TR] [TD] [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]English [/TD] [TD]Last year paper [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian language paper [/TD] [TD]Last year paper [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]General Studies paper I[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History [/TD] [TD]My optional , so no special preparation. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Culture [/TD] [TD]Spectrum [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India [/TD] [TD]NCERT 11th/12th [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity [/TD] [TD]My optional, so no special preparation. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Issues of social relevance [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian economy and planning [/TD] [TD]NCERT 11th/12th, coaching institutes material available in market. Government websites. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public health [/TD] [TD]Newspaper. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Law and order [/TD] [TD]Newspaper. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Good governance [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment [/TD] [TD]Same as preliminary exam. [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]General Studies paper 2[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India and the World [/TD] [TD]My optional, so no special preparation. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian diaspora [/TD] [TD]Newspaper. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India’s Economic interaction with world [/TD] [TD]Internet mainly. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]International affairs and institutions [/TD] [TD]World Focus Magazine, Internet. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Statistics [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science & Tech. [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1][/h][h=1]Optional Subject #1 and #2[/h] [h=1]History[/h]Copying from my post at IO. Regarding History, my basis of preparation was IGNOU notes. I covered IGNOU notes (both B.A and M.A) and made notes of them. This part was mainly done after preliminary exam. Beside IGNOU notes i had made few readings of different books in history. Books referred beside IGNOU notes were: [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Ancient [/TD] [TD] Wonder that was India - A.L.Bashm Ancient India - Romila Thapar [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medieval [/TD] [TD] Medieval History by Satish Chandra. [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Modern [/TD] [TD] Modern History by Bipin Chandra India's Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra. India After Independence by Bipin Chandra. [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]World History[/h] Two books I studied, one was by Jains and other was by some foreign author (whose name i dont remember). But IGNOU notes only improved my understanding of world history. It contained some theoretical perspective of events during Enlightenment, Revolutionary period. I would like to add here that theoretical perspective became easy to follow as i have my Pol Science as other optional. Map practice Mainly from Ensemble and that too only in last days before Mains examination. I would like to add here one more thing. I had hobby of reading books on history before i decided to attempt Union Public Service Commission. I had read books about British Period written by William Dalrymple, Autobiography of Babar translated in English, Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India by Lawrence James and few others. So may be my book lists are not as exhaustive as other who prepared or i was able to prepare History in short time. [h=1]Political Science and International Affairs[/h]Copying from my post at IO [h=2]Paper 1[/h] Political Theory - O.P.Gauba (2-3 times). I went through last few years questions and found that some of them were not covered in edition of O.P.Gauba , i had with myself. Like there was one question on Foucault theory of justice asked in 2010. I covered about them from IGNOU notes. (Do keep it on ur side to see for some extra material in different sections of political theory while studying it). Political Thinkers - I read about them mainly from George. H. Sabine. It covered however only western thinkers. Also it was difficult to follow it at first. For making my life easy i again went through IGNOU notes to have some better understanding. And then again read the whole book. For Indian thinkers i mainly referred from IGNOU and read about some from here and there. India Political System - From number of sources. Vajiram notes on polity (2-3 times), Fadia (Once) , IGNOU notes (2-3 times), D.D.Basu (Once). In the end i had rough idea about how constitution is organised. Beside IGNOU had number of examples to explain different parts of Indian Political System. [h=2]Paper II[/h] Comparative Politics - Only IGNOU notes (twice). Only part in which my experience will be hardly useful. Theory in International Politics - Mahendra Singh (Twice). IGNOU notes (2-3 times). There is one part in IGNOU notes which cover only about South Asia. I fortunately read it once, was interesting read. Luckily got one question about India's relation with its south Asian neighbor. India and world - Initially i read from Bookhives publications but was never satisfied with it. Then according to syllabus i read from various sources like internet, newspapers, magazines (World Focus, Frontline). Started making notes (after mains) when i was clear about my understanding of most topics in syllabus. Tried to stick to syllabus and didn't deviated too much unless i had interest in a topic. [h=1]Interview[/h]How did you prepare for the interview? How was your interview? I primarily worked on my profile. That included schools where I studied (my senior secondary education took place at a school founded by Annie Besant), different places of my schooling, my hobbies, my achievements, two states in which I have mainly lived. I compiled all possible information I can think about my profile. Beside I compiled different perspectives on important items in current affair. I didn’t take any mock interview. I was confident of giving a decent interview if I had worked on my profile well. My board was I.M.G Khan. My interview was on expected line and there were no uncomfortable questions. [h=1]Marksheet[/h] essay (paper-iii) - 118 genral studies (paper-iv) - 099 genral studies (paper-v) - 111 optional-i(history) (paper-vi) - 164 optional-i(history) (paper-vii) - 197 optional-ii(pol. Sc. & int.rel.) (paper-viii) - 170 optional-ii(pol. Sc. & int.rel.) (paper-ix) - 151 written total 1010 personality test 190 final total 1200 [h=1]Message[/h]Q. What is your message to the aspirants? Most important thing with this exam is patience. There comes a time when you feel burdened by weight of preparation required. You start doubting your mode of preparation. During initial stages of my preparation I was not very sure of my strategy of not taking any coaching. And everyone around me talked in dictionary of their own coaching institutes. However I maintained my belief that I can crack this exam on my own. Fortunately I was able to do so. All along my preparation I wanted to say to all for once that “this exam is a monster but not that big monster that can’t be defeated on your own.” I will like to thank IO as here I found few people who didn’t talked language of coaching institutes. Probably IO was best confidence booster for me in times of desperation. Thanks !!
  2. Hi Folks, I have managed to compile the list of Indian companies/organizations and their Heads (CEOs, Chairman etc). Hope this will be of some help to you. Cheers, Vinay S
  3. If we are done filling forms, speculating cutoffs and result dates- shall we get back to business? (j/k) Time to revive the same intensity of discussions we had last year in "29 days to go before CSAT" thread Before proceeding, the terminologies 4TF= Four (or two) statements, identify the true or false (prelims) ABS= Absolute GK facts (Prelims and interview) 2M= 2 Markers in GS, including Persons in News (Mains) Op= Opinion, comment, discuss, evaluate, solutions etc (Mains, Interview Question) Int.=Interview 08 February 2012 Coup in Maldives 2M/ ABS Location of Maldives in the World Map Operation Cactus Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Mohamed Nasheed OP Threat of Ocean-level rise in Maldives India Maldives relations: Symbiotic or Parasite? Do you know about any recent coups apart from Male, what were their reasons and outcomes? (int.) How is coup different from revolution or freedom struggle? (int.) Why are the island nations always in bad news? (int.) Yuvri's Cancer 4TF Malignant tumour vs Benigh tumor Why no vaccine for Cancer (similar to Why No vaccine for Malaria Q? earlier prelims) Pulitzer Prize* ABSSiddhartha Mukherjee (also 2M) Lance Armstrong Martina Navaratilova OP 1. Various therapies of Cancer, current state of research. 2. Cancer proves that Malthuian theory is correct. RBI says no to deposits in Mallapuram Gold 4TF/2M 1. Features of NBFC. 2. Difference between NBFC and Bank OP 1. Role of NBFC in Indian economy, 2. List problems and Suggest reforms. NDPS Policy: released by GoI in Feb 2012. 4TF Opium growing states of India. Medicinal use of Morphine. OP: +"Yearbook" questions for GS-Mains. Salient Features of NDPS policy Dr. Pronab Sen Committee Report on Drug pricing Mashelkar Report on Drug Regulatory system. Rafael Fighter Deal with French Company Op Future of Indo-UK relations in the light of Rafael Deal. Rafael choice : good or bad? (Int.) Priority: Fight jet or Food security? (Essay, Int.) Tejas vs Typhoon: Self reliance or Arms-import? PRO-CON analysis. 2M/ ABS GK Typhoon 5th Generation Jet Fighter Lockhead C-130 Superhecules Tejas AWAC Every member requested and invited to participate. Share your mock questions and topics of importance, your thoughts, comments and opinions on news-issues: anything and everything related to Exam-oriented Current Affairs, but Please nobody copypaste entire webpages in this thread- give crispy-highlights only or just links.
  4. this is in response to many requests on my wall..my first post will b regarding choosing optional.. my optionals were anthro and pub ad Anthro is easier, but requires lot of work... syllabus is quite huge... since this was my 1st attempt, it was impossible for me to complete d syllabus.. so i left abt 30% of d portions keeping in mind d previous papers and choice of qns in d paper... strategy worked out , i had to leave only 15 marks in each ppr and i scored abt 350... advantage abt anthro is that u dont require coaching, direct qns, very less from N india opt for it, u can write d answers u hav prepared, so less competition, very scoring, disadv is huge syllabus, u ll hav to prepare short notes to revise, diagrams etc... so ur hard work helps..ideally u should complete d syllabus... pub ad is diff ball game... since i had only 3 months to prepare, i did only first 4 chapters frm paper 1, did polity and read 2nd arc reports extensively.. and i could comfortably attend all qns cos it was a general paper,. ur score in pub ad depends upon ur performance in those 3 hrs more than ur extensive reading.. u ll have to read, analyse each questions, frame structure,think and answer.. i i did pretty decently scoring abt 340...advantage abt pub ad is that u can prep in very less time 1-2 months, lot of materials available, coaching ; crash courses, test series r available., u can manipulate d syllabus keeping in mid d current happenings.. but there is lot of competition, and ur 6hrs of xam decides ur fate.. also it helped me in my essay which i scored 120... one thing i can say is that these 2 optionals form perfect foil to each other... also ppl tend to complicate d exam.. so i suggest keep it simple, get selected,,,while others wonder what went wrong in their extensive preparation.. in my next post i l try to explain each optionals preparation, books etc.. i ll b happy if it helps atleast one guy... i myself benefited a lot from anays blog... but GS which was supposed to b my best performance,in which i put max effort, but only sphere in which i relied on coaching stuff, which i was expecting atleast 260, ... i scored abt 190 odd, have to figure out what went wrong..???? Suhas AIR-91 CSE 2011
  5. before dicussing how and what to read in hindu,ET, or any other news paper thers a common problem faced by student is how much time should be devoted to newspaper and how to finish up in the given time 1)let's begin with problem of time:::: lot's student face problem when they spent 3-4 hrs on single newspaper.given the need a student should allot not more than 2 hrs for two news paper ie: hindu =1hr(with exception on thrusday issue which is bit lenghty ) economics times=30 to 45 min maximun. but how come students take more time in single newspaper a)you never had a reading habit in your school college or you were just casual reader concentrating on headline ,politics and bollywood. moment you come for civil service and some serious reading is required u fail to read in time bound is b'cos YOU HAVE A SLOW READING SPEED. c)next most important problem is student dont know what to read what not to read in a news paper ending in reading whole news paper for 3-4 hrs. if these are the problem then there should be solution to it also.::::: to increase ur reading speed there is no magic wand that will help to complete news paper in just 1 hr in 1 month. this is skill you develope with time....and only solution to is READ READ READ and READ. you'll develop the speed with time .so don't get frusted THOUGH YOUR PACE SEEMS TO BE SLOW AND YOU FIND YOURSELF BEHIND....A TIME WILL COME WHEN A RIPPLE WIND WILL BLOW YOU AND PLACE AHEAD OF OTHERS....so dont get disheartened easily .have patience secondly, a person is wasting his so much time on single news paper is b'cos he/she doesn't know what to read and what to leave.so how to deal with it. theres only one way to know what is important in news paper only when you know how to prepare for the civil service and what is required to be done for the prepation in which newspaper stand out as most important part. here how you could know what is important in newspaper:::::: 1) look at the 10 yrs sample paper of upsc .jot down on paper sheet the areas from which question are asked that include current national international...and current event in polity,geog,enviroment etccc....once you wriiten the topic on a paper you will easily analyze what will be your are of concentartion 2) you'll come to know that all stuff on LOCAL CRIME,TERRORISM,BOLLYWOOD MASALA, PETTY POLITICAL WAR OF POLITICAL PARTIES, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION(eg. sheela dixit inaugrating a park in delhi on which 50 cr. were spent) NEWS ON SPORT NOT IMPOTANT FOR PRELIMS,AWARD NOT IMP FOR PRELIMS NOWADAYS but can be asked IN mains about the award description And not who got the award...if u r reading eco page then small company aquisition or the yearly profit reveiws are of no concern either. 3) one should know that upsc want you know the event that effect people and and a nation both at national and international level....rest no one has time neither you nor i nor do upsc for petty stuff READING OF NEWS PAPER SHOULD NOT BE DONE IN ISOLATION ie; while reading news paper you should prepare youself for prems,mains,essay, and the INTERVIWS altogether. so how should that be done :::::::::::::::: so get some stuff together while reading a newspaper 1...HIGHLIGHTER OR A PEN 2...AN ATLAS 3...INTERNET(get urself used to internet b'cos u r gonna come across lot's of term,issues whose answer no coaching institute gona give you.it;s you who have to do all the hard work) 4...A NOTE BOOK(jot down all ur doubt in it..which u need to search on internet) so how to read news paper::::::::::::::: once u r aware of what to read..u can use use the highlighter or a pen to under line those stuff... moment u come across any country, a capital open ATLAS and check it.u come across a river check in ATLAS where does it flow,states it passes or country,does it passes,does it passes through any tropic of cancer or caprican etc.eg. if u come across news on iran check ON INTERNET it's Nuclear sites. note down those stuff in a notebook or save it on ur computer...those terms and concepts turns out to BE 2 MARKER IN GS MAINS..and instead to concentrate more on news paper u later start mugging all those stuff like SPECTRUM S/T ISSUES which r hardlty relevant today. how to read HINDU::::::::::: if you follow the above steps i hope u will surely come to know hw to read hindu and other stuff.LISTEN THESE STEPS R NO UNIVERSAL RULE ...I HAVE DEVELOPED WITH TIME EVEN U WILL DO IT. well I'M DISCUSSING HINDU OF FEB10,2012....BUT SAME APROACH DONE APPLY EVERY DAY..every day u have different stuff..nd every day u need u need different aproach to different news HINDU 12 FEB ,2012(what need to read) PAGE 1::: SIT let modi off(read it u'll require it in may be interview or question may may be asked in main in eg.essay communalism) election commision censure khusheed( know about ec from polity(function ,power) ,it;s imp. in indian democracy where election r contested with the help of money,wine and castesicm) REST ON THIS PAGE U CAN HAVE AN QUICK OVERVIEW PAGE 20::::: MGNREGS IN demand in jharkahnd due to aadhar(u need to know about mnrega, and aadhar and all issue around the two which were in news last on year) emergency record.......PMO(it's shame.....PMO a topic for public adminstarion....study hw impotance of PMO have decreased in policy making and all stuff) PAGE 19,18,17:::::: sports not a hot topic now adays for prelims but for mains as 2 marker r asked on coomonwealth games and last one F1 game(flags)....so question can be asked in mains on major sport event in country if held.....doping issue(mains , interview) ,indian hockey condition(interview) PAGE 16:::: Just read one on export surge PAGE 15:::::: tata in red (detail not imp...why it's eurozone crisis...try to know about european union,eurozone ,any pact met by them..etc) public debt(read it and finf what is public debt and internal debt) trade team visit iran(read it as it's important ...find out later what desion were taken..it;s imp for mains indo -iran bilateral reation...indian position toward iran as in security council of un)etcccc PAGE 14::::: read the international page completely eg. maldive ...situation there ,indian responce ,india relationship with maldive...is it gonna effect in future....indian ocean scurity etc....look from all angle PAGE 13:::: just read on food bill(what is food billl, what r the issues ,why some states opposing,is it possible to have a food bill with balloning fiscat defecit country is facing....etc) PAGE 12::::: India bangladesh resume talk on teesta(very imp..try to find on INTERNET what is the teesta treaty...how important is it for india bangladesh bilateral relations...what it was not conclude in the last manmohan singh visit to bangladesh...whay mamta opposed it...CHECK ON ATLAS....teesta river...it''d origin and final pt.....which states it passes...any lake near it. etccccc..search on INTERNET india water dispute with it's neighbours) pmo to monitor fright corridor (find what r frieght corridors..one which r under construction with foreign assistance bank or country..govt is planning to form food park along dedicated corridors...find what r food park...why govt want to set it ) PAGE 10 &11:::MOST IMPPPPPPPPPPPP) EDITORIAL AND PO-ED this is the most imp part of news paper read it completely and try to finish it in 20-30 minutes.reading editorial will not only help u in prelims but also in mains and interviews.last year CSAT some comprehension passage were from hindu editorial. once u have read it cut the important ones and keep in the file.while rest of underlined important news cut it and add it to ur copy as notes for current affairs...don't waste too much time on hand written notes. THE EDITORIALS WHICH U HAVE BEEN COLLECTION IN A SEPATE FILE TO READ IN FUTURE..LET ME TELL U WILL NEVER DO IT,,,ONLY DUST WILL REST ON IT...SO GET INTO HABIT OF EVERY DAY READING OF THOSE CUT EDITORIAL::::: 1)FIRST READ IT 2)CLOSE IT AND TRY TO RECALL WHAT U HAVE READ AND UNDER STOOD 3)WRITE DOWN ON A PAPER ALL THAT U RECALL initially u won't be able to write more than 5-10 lines....slowly it will increase DOING THIS EXERCISE WILL NOT ONLY HELP U FOR ESSAY PREPATION AND HELPFUL IN MAINS FOR ANSWERING QUESTION...THIS WILL ALSO HELP IN DEVELOPING UR UNDERSTANDING ABT TOPIC....NOT MENTION IT WILL ALSO IN CURRENT AFFAIRS FOR PRELIMS AND COMPREHENSION FOR CSATTTT SO DON'T IGNORE ITTTTTTT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ThERES one page on PERISCOPE.... read the one on enviroment and biodiversity,,,govt policies if RELEVANT rest pages from states r not important PROVIDES A MAJOR POLICY DESION MADE BY STATE OR NEWS OF NATION IMPORTANCE.....!!!!!!!!!!! REGARDING HOW TO READ ECONOMICS TIMES ::::::::: theres only on way to know what to read in ET as i have told earlier look for how are the question been asked by upsc from economy...moment u recognize that it will be easy for you to comlete the news paper in 30 minutes
  6. 8th Rank in CSE 2011 Yes I’m talking about 2011’s topper Harshika Singh. Introduction Name: Harshika Singh Roll number: 006368 Rank (CSE 2011): 8 Optional Subjects Economics Anthropology Medium for Mains Exam: English Mains Examination Centre: Delhi Number of Attempts: 2 Details of Graduation and Post-Grad. B.A Economics(hons)-St.Xavier’s College,Ranchi MSc.Economic History(London School Of Economics and Political Science,London,UK) Schooling (Medium): English Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc. Classical Dancing (bharatnatyam and Kathak), Debating, Gold medalist in graduation, School head girl, Class representative throughout my college days Are you a working professional?: No Did you take Coaching?Prelims: No Mains: No Interview: No Did you buy any postal courses? Yes Did you join any Mock test series? No Did you appear in any other competitive exams? No If yes, provide the details: NA Inception To be a Civil Servant was a childhood dream for me and especially when I realized and understood the intricacy of the service it became a passion for me. The Choice of Optional Subjects Q7. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? In my case as I have a background in Economics so that was a natural choice and for my second optional my keen interest in Anthropology was the sole reason for selecting it as my second optional Momentum Q. People initially prepare with much enthusiasm but then a boredom phase comes - they don’t even find the motivation to read the daily newspapers, let alone studying the books. Sometimes they get diverted because of external factors e.g. heavy workload in office, family responsibilities and so on. How did you sustain the study-momentum throughout the year? I prepared a balanced strategy at the very beginning of preparation. I roughly made a mental preparation plan and ensured on a daily basis that I am following it thoroughly. Any person who is preparing for CSE faces the frequent bouts of enthusiasm and boredom. Even I faced it especially in the evening hours. When I was bored or lacked enthusiasm ,I took a break..saw TV ,went on Facebook etc-did anything that diverted my mind but only for max 10 mins. After that I reminded myself of my dreams and was back on my study table. Hours On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? I studied till the time I was able to concentrate..roughly 8-10 hrs daily and I was preparing for CSE since 2009 December for my first attempt in 2010(AIR Rank-640). However I feel 1 year of intensive study is sufficient. Internet How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? Since I did my preparation from home (ranchi) Internet was the only source of information and guidance for me. I used internet for keeping myself updated on the front of the news and world affairs,for updating myself on recent developments in the field of economics and anthropology and also for Science and Tech portion. Essay How did you prepare yourself for the essay? Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? What were your keypoints in that essay? How many marks did you get in that essay? I did not do anything special for Essay.I used to read the editorials of newspapers seriously and in case I found some interesting quote etc I noted them down. I also made a tentative list of essay topics and practiced writing on one of it. I attempted the essay on the topic “creation of small states and its implications”. I tried to keep my language very simple. I also ensured that my essay is very comprehensive. I got 100 marks in essay. Phoenix Q. Serious players get mentally shattered and depressed after failure in competitive exams. How did you cope up with failures and rose from the ashes again? What had gone wrong in your previous attempts? How did you fix those issues in your 2011’s attempt? Yes, I did went in depression after my first attempt’s result in 2010(though I got AIR 640 then) .Maybe I had more expectations. But thanks to my parents who helped me to regain back my senses .In my first attempt paucity of time and associated superficiality in my preparation was a major problem.In this attempt ,I tried to rectify this. Profile Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” So, How important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? I believe CSE interview is solely “PERSONALITY TEST” and as it is CSE is a great leveler where a post doctoral is competing with a simple bachelor’s degree holder.So one’s profile doesn’t play a much important.In stead its You and your dedication that matters. As far as I am concerned ,I would accept that I had a “so called relatively better profile” but with my two years of CSE interview experience .i can say that at the end of the day ..its your personality test..that’s it.Varied medium people should never feel that they are at any disadvantage.If you are confident about what you are and can be original in the interview room …you are bound to succeed. Backup Q. In case you had not cleared the Union Public Service Commission exam, what was your career/future backup plan? I would definitely be disheartened. However, in case if things would have gone in different direction than I had expected, I would have moved towards a career in academics. Family and Friends Definitely ,in my case there were many people behind the scenes who helped me to achieve my dream. My parents who stood by me through thick and thin.Their one statement after my first result in 2010 attempt that “You can do it and you will do it,give it a second try” helped me to regain back my senses and I decided to give my 100% for that one dream. My elder brother and sis –in-law were always there for that much needed “confidence boost” ,my friends who were there as my “vent for frustration” and most importantly some of my professors /teachers who were my true friend,philosopher and guide. One instance , I would like to share….usually by the night , I was so drained out that I did not had the strength to read out loud (and I would admit I am in the habit of reading out loud)my GS and Anthropology materials. At that point in time , my mom would just read them for me and I used to hear them while laying down.At the end of a chapter, I used to summarize it and that was how I covered some portions!!!!In the evenings , when any aspirant is facing that bout of frustration, my dad would take me to a close-by ice-cream shop for that much needed “Ice-cream dose”…these are small instances but would like to say these instances mattered a lot ! Your Study plan CSAT (Paper I) General studies TopicSource of your preparationremark, if any Current AffairsThorough and intensive reading of newspapers like TOI,The hindu,IE(only for editorials),ET,magazines like frontline ,CSR,Chronicle,Yojana and the Economist.Always keep yourself updated with issues happening around you.I am a news maniac ..won’t ask you to become one but start loving and following news..i am sure you will start enjoying it as well. History Ancient/Medieval/ModernSpectrum and Vajiram Yellow book +some NCERTS Physical GeographyAll the four NCERTS of 11th and 12thBe very thorough with them Geography of India“ Geography of World Polity and GovernanceDD Basu/Laxmikant/Vajiram yellow book Public PolicyInternet and self made notes Rights issueSame as above Environment and BiodiversityInternet, IGNOU materials Economic and social DevelopmentEconomic Survey/PD special issue on Economy/Internet Science Sriram notes+internet+chronicle special issue EconomyEconomic survey/India year book CSAT (Paper II) Aptitude Syllabus TopicSource of your preparationRemarks, if Any Quantitative AptitudeR.S agarwal+Manuals like that of Unique,arihant,intenet sources and even some basic practice papers for CAT Data interpretationSame as above Logical reasoning Reading comprehension Decision Making and Problem solvingI tried to practice some questions which were available on netDuring exams just read these questions very nicely and calmly Mains Examination Compulsory Language papers Source of your preparation English: Went through the previous years question papers Indian language: paperWent through previous years question papers and practiced writing essay in Hindi almost like a month before the exam General Studies paper I Syllabus TopicSource of your preparation History: Spectrum/Vajiram yellow book Culture: Spectrum+internet Geography of India: Four NCERTS of 11th and 12th Std. Polity: DD basu/Laxmikant/Vajiram yellow book Issues of social relevance: Internet +magazines like chronicle Indian economy and planning: Economic Survey Public health Law and order Good governance Environment General Studies paper 2 India and the World: Prepared self notes while reading newspapers Indian diaspora: internet India’s Economic interaction with world: Extensive reading of Business newspapers International affairs and institutions: Newspapers Statistics: Practiced from Spectrum esp the graphs etc(but since I have economics background,did not need much preparation for this) Science & Tech.: Sriram study materials+internet Optional Subject #1 and #2 For both my optional I emphasized on making my concepts very clear and re-read the textbooks. I read all of these books, different books cater to different portions of the syllabus so i have just enumerated them Economics For Paper 1 Microeconomics: Ahuja and Koutsyansis Macroeconomics: Ahuja, Mankiw International Economics: Salvatore basically, and for some random parts M.C Vaish, Public finance: Lekhi, Dalton, H.L Bhatia Money and banking-S.B Gupta, Ahuja, RBI website For growth and development i followed Mishra and Puri/there is another book by lekhi on it(it covers the syllabus so its bit handy)/ debraj Ray-development economics an extensive use of internet for some new developments in same Paper2 Indian Economy part from Dutt & Sundaram, Mishra & Puri, Uma kapila Economic survey UNION BUDGET & ECONOMIC SURVEY Economy and Political Weekly EPW Any one business newspaper like ET/FE etcThe Economic Times: Financial Express Anthropology The comprehensive list of Anthropology books i followed was Physical Anthropology: B M das/P Nath Social Anthropology Ember n Ember Makhan Jha N.K Vaid D.N Mazumdar & T.N Madan Indian Anthropology Nadeem Hasnain V.S Sahay &Pradeep K Singh Anthropological Thought: Upadhyay/ Gaya Pandey Extensive use of internet for keeping myself updated about any new anthropological development. Interview For my interview ,I brushed up every small aspect of my background,my home state,my optional etc(all the information furnished by me in DAF). I was in Vijay Singh Sir’s Board.Interview board was very cordial and cooperative. Questions were mixture of World economics+my hobbies+world affairs+some decision making questions and some questions on my home state ,Jharkhand Marksheet ROLL NO:006368 NAME:HARSHIKA SINGH CIVIL SERVICES (MAIN) EXAMINATION, 2011 SUBJECTSMARKS ESSAY (PAPER-III): 100 GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV): 144 GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-V): 132 OPTIONAL-I(ECONOMICS) (PAPER-VI): 133 OPTIONAL-I(ECONOMICS) (PAPER-VII): 213 OPTIONAL-II(ANTHROPOLOGY) (PAPER-VIII): 196 OPTIONAL-II(ANTHROPOLOGY) (PAPER-IX): 175 WRITTEN TOTAL:1093 PERSONALITY TEST: 204 FINAL TOTAL: 1297 Remarks: Recommended. Message Q. What is your message to the aspirants? Dream a dream and make a determined effort for that….you will surely succeed. Never get disheartened. CSE preparation is a beautiful and life changing experience. Live it and you will enjoy and relish it forever. All the very best for all your endeavors. Ans. I was an IO member and the forum helped me a lot from compiling the book list for my optional to serving as a platform visiting which helped me to stay connected to the world of CSE aspirants from across the country.Thank you IO for that. End of interview. If you wish to congratulate, compliment, or ask any follow up questions to Harshika Singh (IO username: @harshika s), post it here!
  7. I have found many students on this forum confused the way to prepare the Indian Economy section. And the reason is not surprising. There is hardly any quality study material available on the subject and many students hail from a non-economics background to complicate matters. Well, the strategy that I train my students with for this exam is called the CFFA strategy. CFFA stands for Concept, Fact, Figures and Analysis. This strategy prepares the student in the best possible manner to tackle this section, both in the prelims as well as the mains. It covers all kinds of questions that are asked in the exam. It involves collecting a database of Content, Facts, Figures and Analysis regarding the Indian Economy during the course of your preparation through various sources. Here’s the breakdown: CONCEPT: Conceptual knowledge is central to understand any news regarding the economy, its analytical aspects or any data related to it. You would not really understand the meaning or implication of a news of let’s say, rise in fiscal deficit if you do not understand the very concept of fiscal deficit. So wherever you read any new concept from any source be it a newspaper article or your coaching class notes or any book on the matter, make sure you make note of that concept and you clarify the actual meaning (mind you, not definition) of the concept thoroughly, preferably with examples. If you do not do this, you will fall into the trap of learning by rote, a subject which is ironically as real life as it gets. Now, what you then need to do is to connect these concepts with the news as it comes in. Then you will understand the relationship between different economic concepts – their interaction with each other and their relationship – how change in one causes change in another. This will help you immensely in developing an analytical ability for not only your mains exam but also from the prelims as in the recent years, there have been many questions coming from an analytical point of view. FACTS Collect various facts about the economy. Like the fiscal deficit is rising recently. Or RBI has been raising interest rates. These are cold facts you have to collect while reading your newspaper articles. Having an army of facts will help you relate with the concepts you have been collecting – the behaviour of different concepts or variable in the real-life Indian economy in recent times. Again these will prove great building blocks for your cracker answers. FIGURES No economic analysis or argument is complete without supporting numbers. If I say Fiscal Deficit was high last year – I have to show how much was it as a percentage of GDP. If I say Fiscal deficit has been rising in the past few years – I have to show the yearly data. Remember, supporting figures always help you make a cracker economics answer. A warning here is in order – please make sure your data sources are credible. You can blindly trust sources such as Economic Times or the EPW, Economic Survey etc. Please guard against the so called compendiums selling in the market – VERIFY their data. ANALYSIS This being the most important of the quartet, you can pick up analysis from news reports, articles, editorials or pieces in the magazines. Analysis means that given the facts and figures about any issue – what next? It means the implications of any current scenario – how is it shaping up. One can analyse and understand analysis only if one understands the concept. The idea of this strategy is that once you follow this strategy for a given period of time, you are armed with enough ammunition to tackle any kind of question in both prelim or mains exam. Be it a question about data in the prelims, or a 20 word question about a concept in mains or long answer question on a current issue in Indian Economy. “Study” and not read, Economic Times thoroughly. It will give you a lot of new economic terms, priceless and latest data, analysis and all the ammunition you need. Make sure you note down data separately under various heads and whenever you see an update in any data over a period of time, note it down chronologically. It will help you see the trend and identify with the analysis. Concentrate on news of: Any new data released by the government. This will help you create a collection of data in the Indian Economy. Make sure you note the period and denomination well as also the release of the data (E.G Trade deficit in India in April-June stood at $144 billion). Immediately when you read trade deficit, note it down and look for the conceptual meaning. Know what is trade deficit – how it is calculated, what does it mean, what happens when trade deficit goes down, what happens when trade deficit goes up. This will help in clearing you economic head. Editorials: Editorials will provide you all – concept, facts, figures and analysis. Inter-relationship among variables will be clear after reading them, so will be the analysis of any movement in an economic variable. Most importantly look out for implication of any economic event on Indian Economy and the suggestions for improvement given by the author. The last part is extremely important for analytical edge to your answers. Steps that are needed to be taken to amend a situation is a very important part to economic analysis. Make sure you get that clear enough through these editorials Central bank’s monetary policy – RBI’s monetary policy announced regularly will give you a lot of insight into the economic situation prevalent as the central bank does a thorough analysis of the same itself before announcing any policy. Read articles that come as a precursor to the announcement of the policy. They predict what steps the RBI will take and list down the elements of current economic scenario. Priceless Read the Economic Survey thoroughly. For the uninitiated, Economic Survey is the document released by the government just before the release of the Union Budget that analyses the performance of the Economy in the preceding financial year. It is a wealth of data, facts and analysis. Not to be missed under any cost. Prelims contain a lot of questions from this. Keep it simple: Do not note down all and any data you come across. To judge the relevance, think of how is this data significant to the overall economy. Avoid collecting a mountain, rather create a building. No cheap, unreliable stuff. Ive heard enough of the cheap guides available in the market under various prakashans written by god knows who. Please AVOID. Keep your preparation scientific using credible sources of information. Use Internet. Very good source. Search news articles and those written by experts. Investopedia is brilliant for conceptual clarity DO NOT LEARN BY ROTE. I want to tell students tha Economics is a beautiful subject. Do not fear it. Love it and to love it, you need to UNDERSTAND it rather than taking a short cut of cramming up definitions. Each concept in Economics has a logic to it. Understanding of the same is vital to one’s preparation. This is because when a student crams up, economics being an analytical subject does not spare him and he is trapped at some stage that requires analysis. Understand concept and collect info. That is the mantra. Rest, I am always there to help you whenever you’re in any doubt. All the very best!
  8. Dear Aspirants, Could you tell me what are offshore trade winds and how it is related to Cold current and High Pressure belt ? Regards Sunil M
  9. Hi all, Kindly suggest me good Public Admin coaching in New Delhi. Mohanty v/s Bhawani Singh which one is better? Or any other? It will be of great help. Thanks ABHISHEK
  10. Whoever I talked to, said it was easy. How much are you people expecting?
  11. Hello friends, This is poll regarding how much time each one of you devotes to these daily activities.
  12. Hi friends, attaching a file for lots of GK Quiz, should help all...
  13. Introduction [TABLE=width: 661] [TR] [TD]Name[/TD] [TD]B Fouzia Taranum[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Roll number[/TD] [TD]275787[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rank (CSE 2011)[/TD] [TD]307[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Optional Subjects[/TD] [TD] Public Administration Sociology [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medium for Mains Exam[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Mains Examination Centre[/TD] [TD]Bangalore[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Number of Attempts[/TD] [TD]2[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Details of Graduation and Post-Grad. Including college names[/TD] [TD]B.Com – Jyoti Nivas College, Bangalore MBA (Finance) – Christ College, Bangalore PG Diploma – Sustainable Development - Jyoti Nivas College[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Schooling (Medium)[/TD] [TD]Bishop Cotton Girls High School (English)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc.[/TD] [TD] General and Subject Proficiency awards throughout academic life Gold Medal – MBA Bangalore University 5th Rank for B.Com The Dr. Stella Samuel Award for the Most Promising Outgoing Student for the year (School) The Best Prefect Award (School) Vice captain of School and Prefect Valedictorian – B.Com, MBA Event manager of many fests/seminars/conferences First place for the organization structure study project at MICO-BOSCH, Bangalore Hobbies – Reading, Documentaries, Event Management, Craftwork[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Are you a working professional?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you leave your job or prepared while on the job?[/TD] [TD]Left TCS in 2010 to prepare for CSE full time. (Wasn’t able to manage both due to demands of the job.)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you take Coaching?[/TD] [TD]Prelims: Yes – JSS, Bangalore (wonderful library) Mains: No Interview: One mock with Mr. Ravindran, One mock at Hamdard Study Circle, Delhi One mock at Delhi Kannada Sangha (free)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you buy any postal courses?[/TD] [TD]Yes – Vajiram&Ravi Mains 2010 – To get an idea about the exam – Didn’t read any of the books except Current Affairs and Economy though[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you join any Mock test series?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you appear in any other competitive exams?[/TD] [TD]Yes, MBA entrance exams 2006[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Questions Inception Q. When and how did the inspiration and idea of joining civil service come in your mind? A. I can’t pinpoint the exact instant. Have always wanted to be able to serve as many people as possible and have wanted to play a role at the policy making level. Indian Administrative Service is the best job which will allow me to do this. Even though I had decided to take up these exams when I was in 12th grade, I started conscious preparation after my post grad. The Choice of Optional Subjects Q. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? A. Interest, familiarity, your grad/post grad subjects, availability of material/guidance, and relevance to the service you want to join, and so on. Have a look at the syllabus of the optional. It helps if you choose optional which you enjoy reading, since we need to read them for 1-2 years. I chose pubad and socio for these reasons. I wish to reiterate that there is no such thing as a scoring subject. Your score depends on how well you are prepared and how you perform at the exam. Momentum Q. People initially prepare with much enthusiasm but then a boredom phase comes. How did you sustain the study-momentum throughout the year? A. Focus on the goal. There are always periods of self-doubt, anxiety, boredom, distraction, depression. It’s normal for all of us to go through them I suppose. Each of us will have our own way of dealing with it. Music, talking to family, friends who believe in you more than you believe in yourself, re-reading your favourite book. Countdowns, knowing that the time to prepare is limited, knowing that if we work sincerely towards the goal something positive will definitely come of it. Your stress busters should not take up too much time though! Serious stuff like family obligations we cannot ignore – take your time on them, get it done with, get back to books with a vengeance to make up for lost time. Hours On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? A. 8-10 hours a day. Not very consistent but tried to be as much as possible. Went to the library 11 am to 7 pm, 6 days a week so as to get that discipline. Started dedicated preparation from Nov 2011. Till June 12, 2011 prepared for UPSC Preliminary Examination i.e. GS + CSAT. After that concentrated on Optionals. Gave myself 3 weeks to revise GS before the mains. The momentum builds up once the results come out and as the exam nears. From my mistakes, I think the key is consistency and keeping daily, weekly, monthly targets and sticking to them. Days when things are going well tried to maximize study time (14-16 hours). Internet How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? Well, it depends on what you are looking for. When I started preparation, I used to browse and try to gather as much info as possible. We get to learn from topper blogs, other members on IO/social networking sites etc. But that search process has to stop when you get a fair idea. After that it is all about bettering your knowledge on the various topics that you encounter in newspapers and books. For people who do not take coaching, the internet provides you with all your doubt solving. Also, for S&T (my weak area) I used Wikipedia extensively. Government websites are a mine of information. Avoided social networking sites so as to reduce distractions and increase study time. From my mistakes I would like to point out – don’t sit in front of the computer aimlessly. I tended to waste a lot of time. Maintain a list of all the things you need to google/wiki, and try to get that done during an assigned hour as a break between study hours. Essay How did you prepare yourself for the essay? Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? What were your keypoints in that essay? How many marks did you get in that essay? No exclusive preparation. Smaller states. Wrote in short paragraphs with each para having 2-3 relevant points. Wrote about 1400 words. Balanced essay – looked at benefits and problem areas. Tried to suggest alternatives. Not too much info on all the commissions and politics of state reorganization – have heard that an essay is supposed to be more about assimilation of thoughts and not subject knowledge. 130/200. Phoenix Q. What had gone wrong in your previous attempts? How did you fix those issues in your 2011’s attempt? 2011 was my second attempt technically – but my first serious attempt (with preparation). 2010 was a case study in how not to take up the exam. I didn’t even qualify UPSC Preliminary Examination – had my half baked knowledge about the exam itself to blame. Even though I was ill prepared, the prelim result saddened me. I quit work, got down to understanding the exam and its requirements, gathered books, spoke to seniors who have cleared the exam (no one in my family in the service) – then got down to business of preparation. Told myself, if I give it my all no one can stop me from succeeding. Profile Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” So, How important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? Our profile is our past! So many of us take up our grad subjects and colleges without paying heed to our interests and likes. Some of us do not have any source of guidance, some take ill informed decisions, some couldn’t afford to take up certain courses. I think the interview boards understand that. Even if that’s not the case, why bother about things we can’t change. The only thing that should matter to us is that what we can do – perform in the UPSC Preliminary Examination, mains and the 30-40 minutes of interview, to the best of our ability. Be thorough with your home state, details given in DAF, optional and current affairs – for interview. Questions may be from anywhere. Backup Q. In case you had not cleared the Union Public Service Commission exam, what was your career/future backup plan? The corporate world, or further study in the field of policy making/development studies (depending on circumstances.) Family and Friends Q. Behind one topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? Any specific incidence that you would like to share with the readers? I don’t feel like a topper, still I have so many people to thank for their constant support and help making possible whatever little I have achieved. My dad was the major reason for my taking up the exam – his belief in me (my daughter=Supergirl!) was both motivating and daunting, but without it I wouldn’t have made it. My mother and sisters have been winds beneath my sails – not just encouraging me with words and prayers but also the endless supplies of tea/coffee. My family made my dream theirs – they would have been more crushed than me if I wouldn’t have made it - this made me work harder! My friends have always been supportive – and a phone call away even during my anxiety/self doubt attacks at 3 am. I met many fellow aspirants during the course of my prep – seeing others in the same boat as me had a weirdly calming affect – and they have shared so much with me be it notes or snippets of information. Heartfelt thanks to everyone! Your Study plan CSAT (Paper I) General studies [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Current Affairs[/TD] [TD]TOI, The Hindu, ET, Frontline, Wizard (added Indian Express during 3 months before interview)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History Ancient/Medieval/Modern[/TD] [TD]Anc, Med – Did not prepare Mod – Bipin Chandra, Spectrum, Ncert [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography[/TD] [TD]G C Leong, NCERT – 11th and 12th (4 books), Atlas[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity and Governance[/TD] [TD]Indian Polity – Laxmikanth[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public Policy[/TD] [TD]Civil Services Times Special edition + Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rights issue[/TD] [TD]Internet – made some notes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment and Biodiversity[/TD] [TD]ICSE 10th text, Chronicle spl edition, CST spl edition[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economic and social Development[/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Eco Survey, Year Book for schemes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science[/TD] [TD]Gen Sc – NCERT Std 6-9 S&T – Newspapers, Wikipedia[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economy[/TD] [TD]PD – selective study, Vaji yellow book, ISC 11th & 12th text by Frank, Wizard spl edition, Internet[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] About the CSAT aptitude TIME and IMS booklets, Mock papers solved as many as I could source Mains Examination Compulsory Language papers [TABLE] [TR] [TD][/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]English[/TD] [TD]No prep, went through last 2 years’ Q papers[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian language paper[/TD] [TD]Last 5 years papers. Weak in Hindi – read through some grammar from 10th text book, listened to Hindi news for 2 months before mains, did some reading/writing practice.[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper I [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History[/TD] [TD]Spectrum, NCERT[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Culture[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]G C Leong, NCERT – 11th and 12th (4 books), Atlas[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity[/TD] [TD]Indian Polity – Laxmikanth[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Issues of social relevance[/TD] [TD]No separate prep as such Newspapers (+ Socio texts)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian economy and planning[/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Wizard[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public health[/TD] [TD]Internet (Min of Health and Family Welfare website + PIB)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Law and order[/TD] [TD]No separate prep[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Good governance[/TD] [TD]No separate prep[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment[/TD] [TD]ICSE 10th text, Chronicle spl edition, CST spl edition[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper 2 [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India and the World[/TD] [TD]Newspapers, World Focus, Frontline[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian diaspora[/TD] [TD]Newspapers[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India’s Economic interaction with world[/TD] [TD]Newspapers + Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]International affairs and institutions[/TD] [TD]Newspapers + Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Statistics[/TD] [TD]Spectrum[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science & Tech.[/TD] [TD]Newspapers + Internet[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Optional Subject PUBLIC ADMIN A lot of guidance available online – nothing much I can add. Have a look at Anay Dwivedi and Gokul GR’s blogs – 2009 and 2010 toppers. 2011 - Neeraj (Rank 11) and Kshitij (Rank 142) have given a detailed strategy on IO. (Read everyones and try to devise a strategy that works best for you.) I would just like to reiterate the importance of newspapers and polity related current affairs along with extensive use of internet. SOCIOLOGY To be honest, I’m still not as comfortable with the optional as I should be after having given mains 2011 with it and scoring 314. Still have 4 units left in paper 2. Prepared in 3-4 months – after UPSC Preliminary Examination 2011. Self study. Had a few discussions on thinkers and some units in paper 1 with friends who have socio as optional. Papers getting general – I feel Union Public Service Commission doesn’t want scholars in the subject but rather people who can comment coherently (with a sociological perspective) on current happenings. Enjoyed reading it – very relevant subject Used to relate to current events – gave examples in almost all answers Did not segregate ppr 1 & 2... kept trying to find linkages and relevance of all topics everywhere. Lacunae identified in my prep: Did not complete syllabus Read from many sources but did not consolidate well (not satisfied) Made no notes for revision due to lack of time Did not practice answer writing/mock papers – found it difficult to manage time in the mains – in both papers the quality of last 60 marks took a hit due to bad time management. Sources/books/material Paper1 C N Shankar Rao – Intro to socio Crack Indian Administrative Service notes – ppr 1 Haralambos – very very important book acc to me (understood mead thanks to this book!) IGNOU BA Notes – selectively. (Did all units on thinkers thoroughly) Ritzer for Thinkers Upendra Notes – for thinkers and introduction only Collins Dictionary for Sociology Paper 2 C N Shankar Rao – Indian socio Crack Indian Administrative Service notes – ppr 2 IGNOU BA Notes – selectively Nagla for Indian Thinkers Upendra Notes – for movements only Nadeem Hasnain – Tribal India selectively Ram Ahuja – very few topics Year Book for programmes/schemes Spectrum History – for national movement Internet for few topics Online resources Tanvi Sundariyal’s blog/other toppers’ blogs Vision Indian Administrative Service website/blog – read few answers by toppers IGNOU – egyankosh for pdfs on few topics Wikipedia! Marksheet [TABLE] [TR] [TD]SUBJECTS[/TD] [TD]MARKS[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]ESSAY (PAPER-III)[/TD] [TD]130[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV)[/TD] [TD]110[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-V)[/TD] [TD]115[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VI)[/TD] [TD]167[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VII)[/TD] [TD]143[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(SOCIOLOGY) (PAPER-VIII)[/TD] [TD]146[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(SOCIOLOGY) (PAPER-IX)[/TD] [TD]168[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]WRITTEN TOTAL[/TD] [TD]979[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]PERSONALITY TEST[/TD] [TD]150[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]FINAL TOTAL[/TD] [TD]1129[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Remark : Recommended. Message Q. What is your message to the aspirants? Believe in yourself and work towards the goal! It’s an achievable dream – don’t underestimate your abilities and don’t paint the goal as something too difficult/out of reach. Luck is something we have no control over, so let’s work hard and smart! The more we work, the luckier we get. Also Union Public Service Commission is constantly evolving – it is very difficult to stay ahead here. But what we can do is stay flexible and adaptive. And Updated! (Think Darwin.) useful in the information gathering stage, and understanding the demands of the exam. Eventually I reduced using IO due to paucity of time. It’s a great place to interact with fellow aspirants and verify any information/clarify doubts.
  14. Electrical engineering optional subject for UPSC civil service exam– Strategy, syllabus and booklist Strategy The syllabus of electrical engineering can be classified into three categories. Syllabus common to both electrical engineering and electronics engineering Electrical engineering subjects Electronics engineering subjects 1st Category Paper-1: Electrical Circuits; Signals and Systems; Analog Electronics; Digital Electronics Paper-2: Control Systems; electrical Measurements; Microprocessors; electrical Materials 2nd Category Paper-1: Electrical Machines; Power Electronics and Drives Paper-2: Power Systems Analysis and Control; Power Systems Protection; Non Conventional Energy Sources 3rd Category Paper-1: Analog communication; Microwaves and Antennas; EM Theory Paper-2: Radar, Satellite and TV; IC Fabrication; Fibre Optic Communications; Digital Communications For Electrical Background Students: Paper-1: You have to read two electrical engineering subjects mentioned in 2nd Category and Common subjects mentioned in 1st Category. Attempt question numbers 1,2,3,5 and 8. Hence you can attempt (55+55+60+55+60=) 285 marks. If you can read EM Theory also, then you can attempt (60+60+60+55+60=) 295 marks. Due to paucity of time in the exam, you may not be able to attempt more than 250 marks. If one is hard pressed for time, one can leave Signals and Systems. Even then one can attempt 265 marks. Therefore the priority of subjects must be as follows: Electrical Circuits Electrical Machines Power Electronics Analog Electronics Digital Electronics If you have time, then read Signals and Systems & EM Theory. If you don't have time, then read the first 3 subjects above and still you can attempt 220 marks. Paper-2 We have to read three Electrical Engineering subjects mentioned in 2nd Category and four subjects mentioned in 1st Category. In addition read IC Fabrication as it is a small subject. Attempt questions numbers 1,2,3,5 and 8. You can attempt (60+60+60+60+60=) 300 marks. If you are hard pressed for time, read only 4 subjects (Control Systems, Power Systems Analysis and Control, Power Systems Protection and Non Conventional Energy Sources) and you can attempt (40+60+40+20+60=) 220 marks. If possible then read electrical materials, IC Fabrication and Electrical Measurements. Then you can attempt (60+60+60+60+60=) 300 marks. Therefore the priority of subjects must be as follows: Control Systems Power Systems Analysis and Control Power Systems Protection Non Conventional Energy Sources Electrical Materials IC Fabrication Electrical Measurements Microprocessors My Experience 2005 Attempt: I attempted around 219 marks in paper 1 and I got 180 marks. I attempted around 270 marks in Paper 2 and I got 188 marks. 2006 attempt: I attempted around 253 marks in paper 1 and I got 200 marks. I attempted around 260 marks in Paper 2 and I got 195 Marks. For Electronics Engineering Background Students: Paper 1: We have to read three Electronics Engineering subjects mentioned in 3rd Category (Analog Communication, Microwaves and Antennas and EM Theory) and Common subjects mentioned in 1st Category (Electrical Circuits, Signals and Systems, Analog Electronics and Digital Electronics). Attempt question numbers 1,4,5,6 and 7. We can attempt (60+60+60+60+60=) 300 marks. If one is hard pressed for time, one can leave Signals and Systems & EM Theory. Even then one can attempt 265 marks. Therefore the priority of subjects must be as follows: Electrical Circuits Analog Communication Microwaves and Antennas Analog Electronics Digital Electronics EM Theory and Signals and Systems If one doesn't have much time, prepare only 4 subjects (Elctrical Circuits, Analog Communication, Microwaves and Antennas and EM Theory) and still can attempt 220 marks. Paper –2: We have to read four Electronic engineering subjects mentioned in 3rd Category (Radar, Satellite and TV, IC Fabrication, Fibre Optic Communications and Digital Communications) and three subjects mentioned in 1st Category (Microprocessors, Electrical Measurements and Electrical Materials). Attempt question numbers 1,4,5,6 and 7. The n you can attempt (40+60+60+60+60=) 280 marks. Therefore the priority of subjects must be as follows: Radar, Satellite and TV Digital Communications IC Fabrication Fibre Optic Communications Electrical Materials Electrical Measurements and Microprocessors For preliminary exam, practice previous question papers. Suggested Reading Paper-I Electrical Circuits Electrical Circuits – 1&2by Nasser, Schaum Series Electrical Circuits by Chakraborty Network Analysis by Vanvulkenberg Electrical Circuits by Hast & Kimberly, TMH Series. [*]Electromagnetic Theory Field Theory by K.A. Gangadhar Electromagnetic Waves by Jordan & Balmian Electromagnetic Theory by Saddique, Oxford Publications [*]Microwaves and Antennas Microwaves by Kulakarni Microwaves by Liu, PHI Publications Electromagnetic Theory by Saddique, Oxford Publications. Electromagnetic Waves by Jordan & Balmian. [*]Analog Communication Communication Systems, 2nd Edition, by Simon Haykins. Analog and Digital Communications by K. Sam Sanmugam Analog and Digital Communications, Schaum Series Communication Systems by Kennedy. [*]Analog Electronics Micro electronics by Milliman and Grabel. Integrated Electronics by Milliman and Halkius Pulse, Digital & Switching Waveforms by Taub abd Schilling Op-amps by Roy Chowdhury Op-Amps by Gaykwad [*]Digital Electronics Digital Design by Morris Mano. Switching theory and Logical Design by Kohavi. Digital Electronics by R P Jain. [*]Electrical Machines Electrical Machines by P.S. Bhimbra Generalised theory of Machines by P.S. Bhimbra Electrical Machines by Nagrath and Kothari [*]Power electronics and electrical drives Power Elctronics by P.S.Bhimbra Power Electronics by Rushid Electrical Drives by G.K. Dubey [*]Signals and Systems Signals and Systems by Oppenheim & Schaber Digital Signal Processing by Proakis, Maholanakis Digital Signal Processing by oppenheim & Willsky Signals and Systems, Schaum Series. Paper-II 1. Control Systems a) Modern Control Systems by Nagrath and Gopal Control Systems by B C Kuo. 2. Electrical Measurements a) Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments by A K Sawhney. Electronic Measurements by Cooper & etc., PHI Publications. 3. Power System Operation & Control a) Power System Analysis by C L Wadhwa Power Systems by Nagrath and Kothari c) Power Systems by Ashfaq Hussein d) Modern Power System Analysis by Nagrath e) Power Systems by Sunil S Rao (for topics like RTU, SCADA, FACTS etc.) 4. Power System Protection a) Power System Protection by Badri Ram and Vishwa Karma, TMH Publications Power Systems by C L Wadhwa c) Power Systems by Nagrath and Kothari 5. Non Conventional Energy resources a) Non-conventional Energy Resources by G.D.Rai, Khanna Publicaions. 6. IC Fabrication and Technology a) Microelectronics by Milliman and Grabel Linear Integrated Circuits by Roy Chowdhury. 7. Radar, Satellite and TV a) Microwaves by Kulakarni. Communication Systems by Kennedy. c) Satellite Engineering by John Wiley Publications. 8. Microprocessors a) 8085Microprocessor by Ramesh S Goankar 8086 Microprocessor by Hall, TMH Publications. 9. Fibre Optic Communication a) Fibre Optic Communications by Senior, PHI Publications 10. Digital Communications a) Analog & Digital Communications by K Sam Sanmugam Analog & Digital Communications by Schum Series c) Digital Communications by Simon Haykin 11. Electrical Engineering Materials a) Electrical Engineering Materials by Seth & Gupta Electrical Engineering Materials by Dekker. Syllabus for Electrical Engineering for UPSC 2010's Exam Prelims 2010 Syllabus Electrical Circuits-Theory and Applications Circuit components, network graphs, KCL, KVL; circuit analysis methods : nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis : RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits and applications; coupled circuits and applications; balanced 3-phase circuits. Two port networks, driving point and transfer functions; poles and zeros of network functions. Signals & Systems Representation of continuous-time and discrete-time signals & system's ; LTI systems; convolution; impulse response; time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function. Sampling and recovery of signals. Control Systems Elements of control systems; block-diagram representations; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applications of feed-back. LTI systems : time domain and transform domain analysis. Stability : Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Nyquist's criterion. Bode-plots, Design of lead-lag compensators; Proportional, PI, PID controllers. E.M. Theory Electro-static and magneto-static fields; Maxwell's equations; e.m. waves and wave equations; wave propagation and antennas; transmission lines; micro-wave resonators, cavities and wave guides. Electrical Engineering Materials Electrical/electronic behaviour of materials : conductivity; free-electrons and band-theory; intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductor, p-n junction; solar cells, super-conductivity. Dielectric behaviour of materials : polarization phenomena; piezo-electric phenomena. Magnetic materials: behaviour and application. Analog Electronics Diode circuits: rectifiers filters, clipping and clamping, zener diode and voltage regulation. Bipolar and field effect transistors (BJT, JFET and MOSFET) : Characteristics, biasing and small signal equivalent circuits. Basic amplifier circuits; differential amplifier circuits. Amplifiers : analysis, frequency response. Principles of feedback; OPAMP circuits; filters; oscillators. Digital Electronics Boolean algebra; minimisation of Boolean function; logic gates, digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinational circuits : arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoder's. Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits; ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Communication Systems Fourier analysis of signals : amplitude, phase and power spectrum, auto-correlation and cross-correlation and their Fourier transforms. Analog modulation systems : amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis; superheterodyne receivers. Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential PCM, delta modulation. Digital modulation schemes : amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK). Multiplexing : time-division, frequency-division. Additive Gaussian noise : characterization using correlation, probability density function, power spectral density, Signal-to-noise ratio calculations for AM and FM. Elements of digital communication systems : source coding, channel coding; digital modulation & demodulation. Elements of Information theory, channel capacity. Elements of satellite and mobile communication; principles of television engineering; radar engineering and radio aids to navigation. Computers and Microprocessors Computer organization : number representation and arithmetic, functional organization, machine instructions, addressing modes, ALU, hardwired and microprogrammed control, memory organization. Elements of microprocessors : 8-bit microprocessors -architecture, instruction set, assembly level programming, memory, I/O interfacing, microcontrollers and applications. Measurement and Instrumentation Error analysis; measurement of current voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency; bridge measurements. Electronic measuring instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyser, distortion-meter. Transducers: thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-guages, piezo-electric crystal. Use of transducers in measurement of non-electrical quantities. Data-acquisition systems. Energy Conversion Single-phase transformer : equivalent circuit, phasor-diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three-phase transformer; auto transformer. Principles of energy conversion-d.c. generators and motors: Performers characteristics, starting and speed control armature reaction and commutation; three-phase induction motor; performance characteristics, starting and speed control. Single-phase induction motor. Synchronous generators: performance characteristics, regulation, parallel operation. Synchronous motors: starting characteristics, applications; synchronous condensor. FHP motors, permanent magnet and stepper motors, brushless d.c. motors, single-phase motors. Power Systems Electric power generation : thermal, hydro, nuclear. Transmission line parameters: steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables. Distribution systems : insulators, bundle conductors, corona and radio interference effects; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction. Economic operation. Principles of over current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays, circuit breakers, concept of system stability. HVDC transmission. Power Electronics and Electric Drives Semiconductor power devices : diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET, static characteristics, principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase controlled rectifiers; bridge converters-fully controlled and half controlled; principles of thyristor chopper and inverter. Basic concept of speed control of DC and AC motor drives. Elements of IC Fabrication Technology Overview of IC Technology. Unit steps used in IC fabrication : wafer cleaning, photo-lithography, wet and dry etching, oxidation, diffusion, ion-implantation, CVD and LPCVD techniques for deposition of poly-silicon, silicon, silicon-pnitride and silicon dioxide; metallisation and passivation. Mains 2010 Syllabus PAPER - I 1. Circuit Theory: Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; circuit analysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phase circuits; Two-port networks. 2. Signals & Systems: Representation of continuous–time and discrete-time signals & systems; LTI systems; convolution; impulse response; time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function. Sampling and recovery of signals DFT, FFT Processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems. 3. E.M. Theory: Maxwell's equations, wave propagation in bounded media. Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of plane waves. Transmission line: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart. 4. Analog Electronics: Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current mirror; Amplifiers: single and multi-stage, differential, operational, feedback and power. Analysis of amplifiers; frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits. Filters; sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and OPAMP configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Linear and switching power supplies. 5. Digital Electronics: Boolean algebra; minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinational circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic implementation using programmable devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA). 6. Energy Conversion: Principles of electromechanical energy conversion: Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC machines: characteristics and performance analysis; starting and speed control of motors; Transformers: principles of operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phase transformers. 3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines: characteristics and preformance analysis; speed control. 7. Power Electronics and Electric Drives: Semiconductor power devices: diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET–static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters: fully-controlled and half-controlled; principles of thyristor choppers and inverters; DC-DC converters; Switch mode inverter; basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives applications of variable-speed drives. 8. Analog Communication: Random variables: continuous, discrete; probability, probability functions. Statistical averages; probability models; Random signals and noise: white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth; signal transmission with noise; signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation: Amplitude modulation: DSB, DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators and Demodulators; Phase and Frequency modulation: PM & FM signals; narrowband FM; generation & detection of FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis. CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne receivers, AM receivers, communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation for AM and FM receivers. PAPER - II Control Systems: Elements of control systems; block-diagram representation; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applications of feed-back. Control system components. LTI systems: time-domain and transform-domain analysis. Stability: Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Bode-plots and polar plots, Nyquist's criterion; Design of lead-lad compensators. Proportional, PI, PID controllers. State-variable representation and analysis of control systems. Microprocessors and Microcomputers: [*]PC organisation; CPU, instruction set, register set, timing diagram, programming, interrupts, memory interfacing, I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices. Measurement and Instrumentation: [*]Error analysis; measurement of current, voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency; bridge measurement. Signal conditioning circuit; Electronic measuring instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyzer, distortion-meter. Transducers: thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-gauge, piezo-electric crystal. Power Systems: Analysis and Control: [*]Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactive power transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults. Concept of system stability: swing curves and equal area criterion. Static VAR system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission. Power System Protection: [*]Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection. Concept of solid state relays. Circuit breakers. Computer aided protection: Introduction; line bus, generator, transformer protection; numeric relays and application of DSP to protection. Digital Communication: [*]Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), delta modulation (DM), Digital modulation and demodulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK). Error control coding: error detection and correction, linear block codes, convolution codes. Information measure and source coding. Data networks, 7-layer architecture. Don't ask me any questions, I've only copy pasted all these things
  15. Lady with 7 months old son, clears Union Public Service Commission on her first attempt and proves that Civil Service exam is not reserved for single people preparing full time for over a year – people with other responsibilities in life can crack it as well. Introduction [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Name[/TD] [TD]GAYATHRI KRISHNAN B[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Roll number[/TD] [TD]217661[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rank (CSE 2011)[/TD] [TD]433[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Optional Subjects[/TD] [TD]Public Administration Malayalam Literature[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medium for Mains Exam[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Mains Examination Centre[/TD] [TD]Thiruvananthapuram[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Number of Attempts[/TD] [TD]1[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Details of Graduation and Post-Grad.[/TD] [TD]B.Tech in Computer Science, followed by PGDHRM[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Schooling (Medium)[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc.[/TD] [TD]Public Speaking, Creative Writing, Reading.[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Are you a working professional?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, then did you leave your job or prepared while on the job?[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you take Coaching?[/TD] [TD]Prelims: No Mains: Yes Interview: Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you buy any postal courses?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you join any Mock test series?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you appear in any other competitive exams?[/TD] [TD]Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, provide the details:[/TD] [TD]Appeared in Kerala State PSC Deputy Collector exam, cleared UPSC Preliminary Examination, awaiting main exam result.[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [ATTACH=CONFIG]469[/ATTACH] Inception Q. When and how did the inspiration and idea of joining civil service come in your mind? I am residing in Abu Dhabi with my husband and 2-year old son. Civil Services was a childhood dream for me. My husband and I have always thought of going back to India for my son’s schooling. We shared our hopes about that and he encouraged me to try for civil services exam. I started preparation in September 2010. The Choice of Optional Subjects Q7. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? I chose Public Administration as my first optional because I like the subject and it is very relevant to my future career. I chose Malayalam as my second optional because I enjoy the subject very much. Momentum Q. People initially prepare with much enthusiasm but then a boredom phase comes - they don’t even find the motivation to read the daily newspapers, let alone studying the books. Sometimes they get diverted because of external factors e.g. heavy workload in office, family responsibilities and so on. How did you sustain the study-momentum throughout the journey? I suffered from the peaks and valleys of enthusiasm throughout my preparation. But during my down-times, I sometimes just shut my books and took breaks for a few days. This helped me to get back with renewed focus and strength. I also resorted to reading my Malayalam literature books during these times. I found reading them to be as pleasurable as pastimes in any case, and so I didn’t really need to put in much effort for those. Hours On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? I started my preparation when my son was 7 months old, and being the primary care taker of my child, I was seriously short of time to begin with. I still managed to work for 7-8 hours on weekends and about 3 hours on other days, on average. I worked longer nearer to the exam. I hadn’t even finalized my second optional till after my UPSC Preliminary Examination exam, (which was a mistake, the importance of which I didn’t realize till after UPSC Preliminary Examination). So I could finish the whole syllabus once only close to the actual main exam. Internet How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? I made notes for a lot of GS topics and Pub Ad topics from the internet, via Wikipedia, ministry websites, etc. I also made use of the internet to read The Hindu, as the paper isn’t available here in Abu Dhabi. Essay How did you prepare yourself for the essay? I got writing tips from my English Sir at the Kerala State Civil Services Academy. The study material was the same as my GS and Pub Ad Paper II material. Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? Cinema’s impact on our society. What were your keypoints in that essay? I organized the essay into short, medium and long term impacts of cinema on our society. I provided examples and quotes to back up my arguments. I gave space for both positive and negative impacts. How many marks did you get in that essay? 106. Profile Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” How important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? I don’t think that a profile is more important for the interview, than our actual presentation during the day. How do you rate your own profile? I would give it 5 on 10. How much portion of your interview centered on your profile? All of it. Did they ask any uncomfortable questions from your profile? I was unable to answer some questions based on my MBA background. There was some attempts by a member to provoke me based on this. If yes, how did you reply to those questions? I said I didn’t know the answer where applicable, and maintained my calm. Backup Q. In case you had not cleared the Union Public Service Commission exam, what was your career/future backup plan? Since CSE-2011 was my first attempt, I would definitely have tried again if I had failed this time. If I failed again, I would have gone back to my roots of being a Software Engineer. Family and Friends Q. Behind one topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? I think I am forever indebted to my whole family for their unending support and patience. I am particularly thankful to my husband and mother for helping me take care of my young son. I am also thankful to the rest of the family for always believing in me and financing my education and fuelling my enthusiasm. Your Study plan CSAT (Paper I) General studies [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [TD]remark, if any[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Current Affairs[/TD] [TD]Internet, civil services chronicle magazine, The Hindu[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History Ancient/Medieval/Modern[/TD] [TD]Spectrum[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Physical Geography[/TD] [TD]TMH Manual[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]TMH Manual[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of World[/TD] [TD]TMH Manual[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity and Governance[/TD] [TD]Lakshmikanth[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public Policy[/TD] [TD]ARC, Pub Ad books[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rights issue[/TD] [TD]Pub Ad books[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment and Biodiversity[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economic and social Development[/TD] [TD]Internet, Pub Ad books[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economy[/TD] [TD]Internet, TMH Manual[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] CSAT (Paper II) Aptitude Confidence Indian Administrative Service material Mains Examination Compulsory Language papers [TABLE] [TR] [TD][/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]English[/TD] [TD]No particular preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian language paper[/TD] [TD]No particular preparation[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper I [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History[/TD] [TD]Spectrum[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Culture[/TD] [TD]Spectrum[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]TMH Manual[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity[/TD] [TD]Lakshmikanth[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Issues of social relevance[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian economy and planning[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public health[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Law and order[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Good governance[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper 2 [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India and the World*[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian diaspora*[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India’s Economic interaction with world[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]International affairs and institutions[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Statistics[/TD] [TD]Spectrum[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science & Tech.[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Interview How did you prepare for the interview? I obtained guidance and mock interviews from Kerala State Civil Service academy. Who was the chairman of you interview board? Venkatarami Reddy. Did they ask you any unexpected questions? There were a lot of questions from my MBA background, which surprised me a little. Other questions based on current affairs and Public Administration, and my background were predictable. What was the toughest question you faced during the interview and how did you answer it? I felt like I was in trouble when I was asked questions from trade union laws which I couldn’t recollect. The board member seemed a bit displeased with my inability to recall what was obviously an easy question in his opinion. It made me feel tensed, but I tried to remain pleasant and polite. I was saved by the next member’s questions on current affairs and public administration, which I could answer satisfactorily (in my opinion). Marksheet [TABLE=width: 537] [TR] [TD]SUBJECTS[/TD] [TD]MARKS[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]ESSAY (PAPER-III)[/TD] [TD]106[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV)[/TD] [TD]090[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-V)[/TD] [TD]072[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VI)[/TD] [TD]147[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VII)[/TD] [TD]146[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(LIT.OF MALAYALAM LANG) (PAPER-VIII)[/TD] [TD]174[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(LIT.OF MALAYALAM LANG) (PAPER-IX)[/TD] [TD]196[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]WRITTEN TOTAL[/TD] [TD]931[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]PERSONALITY TEST[/TD] [TD]181[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]FINAL TOTAL[/TD] [TD]1112[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Remarks :-RECOMMENDED Message Q. What is your message to the aspirants? This exam is not reserved for single people preparing full time for over a year – people with other responsibilities in life too can crack it with the right attitude, guidance, hard work, support and above all, God’s grace. It helped me keep the momentum going, and provided me with guidance and motivation.
  16. Hi Future and Current officers, Looking forward for the most engaging discussion with eager minds. I have attempted CSAT this year and looking forward to clear the same. Currently preparing for the mains. My strengths are Economy, Geography and Polity. With Regards.
  17. [h=1]Introduction[/h][ATTACH=CONFIG]460[/ATTACH] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Name [/TD] [TD]PRABHAKAR PRAKASH RANJAN (IOusername: [MENTION=12444]zapperatbest[/MENTION]) [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Roll number [/TD] [TD]306327 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rank (CSE 2011) [/TD] [TD]339 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Optional Subjects [/TD] [TD] Geography Public Administration [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medium for Mains Exam [/TD] [TD]English [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Mains Examination Centre [/TD] [TD]Delhi [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Number of Attempts [/TD] [TD]2 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Details of Graduation and Post-Grad. [/TD] [TD]Integrated Post-Graduation in Information Technology (IT) from ABV-IIITM, Gwalior [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Schooling (Medium) [/TD] [TD]English [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc. [/TD] [TD]National Talent Search Examination (NTSE) Scholarship GATE Scholarship NCC – A Certificate Blogging, Reading Novels, Learning English Words, Learning Foreign Languages, eg Greek [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Are you a working professional? [/TD] [TD]Yes [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, then did you leave your job or prepared while on the job? [/TD] [TD]Yes, left the job for 1 year to prepare for the exam. Then, joined back and prepared along with the job [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you take Coaching? [/TD] [TD]Prelims: Yes Mains: Yes Interview: Yes [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you buy any postal courses? [/TD] [TD]No [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you join any Mock test series? [/TD] [TD]Yes [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]Questions[/h] [h=1]Inception[/h]Q. When and how did the inspiration and idea of joining civil service come in your mind? Ans:- Since childhood, I had an inclination towards the charm of Civil Services. Also I have had a natural dispensation towards societal and governmental sides, esp. vis-à-vis international aspects. However, it all came together during my stay in Cyprus where I was working for an IT company. During my stay there for 3 years & a half and also during various foreign travels, I met numerous people, learnt different cultures, observed India’s standing, and realized the issues, potential, opportunities etc of India’s international relations. Thus, I wanted to move into the higher echelon of Indian Foreign Service, where my aptitude, attitude and interest could find its echo. I left the job in Feb 2010, and came to Delhi to prepare for the exams. I could clear Prelims, however failed to pass the Mains. I joined the same company, though this time in Gurgaon, in Feb 2011, and appeared for 2011 exam while pursuing the job. The irony though is that I might not get IFS this time around. [h=1]The Choice of Optional Subjects[/h] Q7. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? Ans :- To be honest, I wanted to take Geography and History, as they have been my favorite ones since school days. Also, being the most traditional and steadfast subjects, not only in relations to Civil Services exams, they have plenty of books, materials, opinions and articles by various authors. I chose Geography in my first attempt in both Prelims and Mains, and it continued till this year. For the second subject, due to paucity of time, I took Public Administration for its less syllabus, more relevance and good record in the Civil Services exams. So, my selections were based on both interest and practicality, at least which is what I believe. [h=1]Momentum[/h]Q. People initially prepare with much enthusiasm but then a boredom phase comes - they don’t even find the motivation to read the daily newspapers, let alone studying the books. Sometimes they get diverted because of external factors e.g. heavy workload in office, family responsibilities and so on. How did you sustain the study-momentum throughout the year? Ans:- No doubt, it is difficult to sustain the momentum throughout the duration of preparation, which generally spans across a year and a half. So, it is important to take breaks for a fortnight or so, say, after Prelims, Mains etc. Also, a few movies, novels, friends’ parties or get-together, family events once or twice a week, contrary to the popular belief of being diversions, are actually boosters. This is what I did during my preparation of 2 years. [h=1]Hours[/h]On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? Ans:- It varied depending on the criticality of the time period. During the months closer to the exams, I studied approx. around 10 hours daily, max being 12 hours which happened only for a few days though. During other months, it dropped down to 6 hours or even lower. So, for the whole duration, I think the average was 8 hours daily. This obviously was for the days when I was not pursuing my job in the office, when I could study for just 2-3 hours daily. It took me around 9 months to complete both the Optionals and GS. [h=1]Internet[/h]How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? Ans:- I followed the following resources on the Internet:- GK Today Indian Officer The Economist Frontline Wikipedia for a few topics The Internet was the most accessible and potent source for me during my off hours in the office. [h=1]Essay[/h]How did you prepare yourself for the essay? Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? What were your keypoints in that essay? How many marks did you get in that essay? Ans:- Unfortunately, my Essay preparation remained poor in both the attempts, and that got reflected in the marks.I didn’t do any special preparation for it, and wrote Essays in the question-answer format. Also, they were a bit lengthy. In 2011, I attempted ‘Small States Implications’ topic, and got a paltry 76. So, if I have to suggest anything, it would be on rather the don’ts than the do’s. [h=1]Phoenix[/h]Q. Serious players get mentally shattered and depressed after failure in competitive exams. How did you cope up with failures and rose from the ashes again? What had gone wrong in your previous attempts? How did you fix those issues in your 2011’s attempt? Ans:- The biggest problem in my 1st attempt was the lack of preparation time. I stared very late in my preparation (Feb 2010), thus had a total of 9 months till Mains, which got used up in covering the syllabus only. I didn’t have time to refine or practice my answers. I utilized the next year’s time to work on these aspects. [h=1]Profile[/h] Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” So, How important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? How do you rate your own profile? How much portion of your interview centered on your profile? Did they ask any uncomfortable questions from your profile? If yes, how did you reply to those questions? Ans:- Yes, my profile was spotted and questioned by the panel. I had a good profile, so there wasn’t the problem of any negativity about it. However, I had to be prepared to justify and elaborate on it. The clincher though was my confidence during the interview. The details of the Interview are mentioned in my Blog:- Personal Space: My IAS Interview [h=1]Backup[/h]Q. In case you had not cleared the UPSC exam, what was your career/future backup plan? Ans:- Since I was already working in an IT company, I had the fallback option. Furthermore, throughout my preparation, I was prepared for the eventuality that I might not qualify, as this exam needs a lot of extraneous factors too working in your factor, viz. luck, performance on exam-days etc. It is philosophical to say this, but the theme of ‘do your duty, leave the rest to God’ really helps during the preparation. I got lucky in a few aspects, but also had to face the wrong side of it, as I got really sick during the first 2 days of the Mains, and it affected my Rank too. But as stated above, I was prepared for it, and in the end, I am happy with my performance, and the Rank. [h=1]Working professional[/h]What is your advice and tips to working professionals – particularly on time Management? Ans:- Decide realistically how many hours you can devote to studies on the weekdays. And try to stick to that religiously. For that, the office work has to be completed in time, and that needs to be strategized by you only. Also, don’t commit the folly of neglecting office work, as that can come back to haunt you. The weekends too need to be planned, as some of the additional things can be done on those days only. In the end, it will be more challenging to do preparation while continuing the job, but believe me, it is more enriching and satisfying. You earn some money, have a fallback option, and though not noticeable on first look, you also develop good attitude and efficiency. [h=1]Family and Friends[/h]Q. Behind one topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? Ans:- My parents and God, whichever order one might want to put them. Also, my family members with whom I stayed during my preparation. And I must pay gratitude to my teachers, right from my schools to IAS coaching institutes. [h=1]Your Study plan[/h][h=1]CSAT (Paper I) General studies[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Current Affairs [/TD] [TD]The Hindu, The Economic Times, The Economist, Pratiyogita Darpan, Civil Services Chronicle [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History Ancient/Medieval/Modern [/TD] [TD]Spectrum’s Modern India, NCERT Books – XI and XII (Old Edition), Bipin Chandra [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Physical Geography [/TD] [TD]NCERT Books – XI and XII, Savinder Singh [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India [/TD] [TD]NCERT Books – XI and XII, Khullar [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of World [/TD] [TD]World Atlas, Alok Ranjan’s Notes [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity and Governance [/TD] [TD]M.Lakshmikant [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public Policy [/TD] [TD]Newspapers [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rights issue [/TD] [TD]- [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment and Biodiversity [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, GK Today’s materials [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economic and social Development [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economy [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Dutt and Sundaram [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]About the CSAT aptitude[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [TD]Remarks, if Any [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Quantitative Aptitude [/TD] [TD]Arihant, but mainly General aptitude [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Data interpretation [/TD] [TD]Arihant, but mainly General aptitude [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Logical reasoning [/TD] [TD]Arihant, but mainly General aptitude [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Reading comprehension [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, but mainly General aptitude [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Decision Making and Problem solving [/TD] [TD]Arihant, but mainly General aptitude [/TD] [TD] [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]Mains Examination[/h] [h=2]Compulsory Language papers[/h][TABLE] [TR] [TD] [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]English [/TD] [TD]General preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian language paper [/TD] [TD]Samanya Hindi [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=2]General Studies paper I[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History [/TD] [TD]Spectrum’s Modern India, NCERT Books – XI and XII (Old Edition), Bipin Chandra [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Culture [/TD] [TD]Spectrum [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India [/TD] [TD]NCERT Books – XI and XII, Khullar [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity [/TD] [TD]Lakshmikant [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Issues of social relevance [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, magazines [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian economy and planning [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, magazines, Dutt and Sundaram [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public health [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, magazines [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Law and order [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, magazines [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Good governance [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, magazines [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, magazines [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=2]General Studies paper 2[/h] [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic [/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India and the World [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines, Economist [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian diaspora [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines, Economist [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India’s Economic interaction with world [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines, Economist [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]International affairs and institutions [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines, Economist [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Statistics [/TD] [TD]Spectrum [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science & Tech. [/TD] [TD]Newspapers, Magazines, Economist [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [h=1]Optional Subject #1 and #2[/h]If you’ve the time, please provide the detailed study plan for your both optional subjects, answer-writing skills etc. else mere a list of recommended books would suffice. Ans:- [h=1]Geography (Mains)[/h] Physical Geography- Savinder Singh Geography of India-Khullar Human Geography- Majid Hussain Rupa Series Alok Ranjan’s Notes etc [h=1]Public Administration (Mains)[/h] Mohit Bhattacharya Rajni Goyal Awasthi and Maheswari Rau’s Notes Mohanty’s Notes etc [h=1]Interview[/h]Tell us about your interview. Ans- Details of my Interview can be found at:- Personal Space: My IAS Interview [h=1]Marksheet[/h][TABLE] [TR] [TD]SUBJECTS [/TD] [TD]MARKS [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]ESSAY (PAPER-III) [/TD] [TD]076 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV) [/TD] [TD]128 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-V) [/TD] [TD]116 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(GEOGRAPHY) (PAPER-VI) [/TD] [TD]142 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(GEOGRAPHY) (PAPER-VII) [/TD] [TD]154 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VIII) [/TD] [TD]138 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-IX) [/TD] [TD]167 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]WRITTEN TOTAL [/TD] [TD]921 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]PERSONALITY TEST [/TD] [TD]202 [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]FINAL TOTAL [/TD] [TD]1123 [/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Remarks :-RECOMMENDED [h=1]The Message[/h]Q. What is your message to the aspirants? Ans:- Have a convincing answer ‘why you want to do the Civil Services’. Half the work is done. Follow the mantra - ‘do your best and leave the rest to destiny’ Rest all – books, subjects, strategy etc have been done to death, so won’t be a major problem Finally, Civil Services are not the final and only thing in life, so just chill with life, before, during and after the preparations, irrespective of the results. Did you use indianofficer.com for your preparation? If yes, How did it help you? IndianOfficer was the major source of information about the Civil Services. Also, it was fun and informative to follow other people’s opinions, preparation strategy, result time anxiety etc in the forum.
  18. Hi everyone, All of us would be agree that Coaching Institutes are not necessary for Civil Service preparation neither they provide any MANTRA or short-cut to success. Coaching Institutes can only help and guide one. But due to high fee, crowd classes, unidirectional and unfocused teaching approach on basics, and also a huge wastage of precious time, Coaching Institute should be avoided... :mad: But in current highly comparative scenario , Coaching Institute are unavoidable for new comers ... even to know what to read and what to leave ... what is important ... how to write good answers ... and to cover almost whole syllabus within a fixed time schedule... one have to join an Institute (small or big)... unless you already know everything (or knew this after joining an Institute)... :cool: so please help to find the best coaching for GS in Delhi... specify any other coaching institute if not listed... :)
  19. Hi All, I stay in Mumbai and here I am unable to get The Hindu but I can get Indian Express. So I want to know whether I can follow it or not. Also in your opinion which one of the two is better and in what respect? Plz help....
  20. We are pleased to have Rohit Shukla (@rohitshukl) here sharing with us, his journey, studyplan for General studies, Psychology and Public Administration. [ATTACH=CONFIG]458[/ATTACH] Introduction [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Name[/TD] [TD]Rohit Shukla[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Roll number[/TD] [TD]034405[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rank (CSE 2011)[/TD] [TD]238[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Optional Subjects[/TD] [TD] Public Administration, Psychology [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medium for Mains Exam[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Mains Examination Centre[/TD] [TD]Lucknow[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Number of Attempts[/TD] [TD]2[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Details of Graduation and Post-Grad.[/TD] [TD]BTECH from AKGEC Ghaziabad[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Schooling (Medium)[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc.[/TD] [TD]Writing articles, Meditation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Are you a working professional?[/TD] [TD]Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, then did you leave your job or prepared while on the job?[/TD] [TD]I left my job and prepared[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you take Coaching?[/TD] [TD]Prelims: No Mains: Yes Interview: Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you buy any postal courses?[/TD] [TD]Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you join any Mock test series?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Questions Inception Q. When and how did the inspiration and idea of joining civil service come in your mind? I was good in quizzing as a student and was aware of national issues since chilhood.However during/after graduation (BTECH) it all disappeared. It was during my stint in a private IT company that I realised about my life’s priorities and would ultimately make me a happy individual.Hence,I resigned and started preparing. The Choice of Optional Subjects Q7. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? I did not have any idea initially about optionals etc. I had resigned from my job in a hurry and had to appear that year only.I came across Mrunal’s blog and after going through it chose public administration as the pre optional(it was useful in all stages of the exam).Later on based on personal interest I chose Psychology as the second optional. Momentum Q. People initially prepare with much enthusiasm but then they become slack after some time for various reasons. How did you sustain the momentum throughout the journey? The biggest force in life comes from within,when you really want something.I was so frustrated (at the same time energetic) that I wanted to change my life quickly.Hence, boredom even if it came was not allowed to rule.Family support is of prime importance in this exam.In my case , i was insulated from even my closest friends and relatives.I hardly ever talked about my preparation with anybody in my family( except my mother).I found that switching subjects after 2 hours is a good way to reduce monotonicity .Run in between,play with pets , watch some news( for half an hour) and be back to study.Whenever you feel you are wasting time-just think about the job in hand,your objective. Hours On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? My average study hours- around 8. For core syllabus of GS it took 3 months initially.In case of optionals, public administration finished quickly but psychology took 3.5 months. Internet How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? Internet is indispensable for civil service preparation and I feel Union Public Service Commission wants us to use it .Wikipedia is the best source for any topic.Also , one can quicky check about the background of any topic before studying using internet. But caution must be taken to ensure that useless stuff is not browsed during study time. Essay How did you prepare yourself for the essay? Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? How many marks did you get in that essay? I did not do any special preparation for the essay. I wrote one full essay before the exam and got it evaluated . I also increased my knowledge base which helped in the essay.Essay should be interesting , in simple language ( yet appealing) and should have a natural flow as per the topic with a balanced conclusion. I wrote the essay on “ creation of smaller states” in mains 2011. I got 108 marks. Phoenix Q. Serious players get mentally shattered and depressed after failure in competitive exams. How did you cope up with failures and rose from the ashes again? What had gone wrong in your previous attempts? How did you fix those issues in your 2011’s attempt? I was shattered after not clearing mains written in my first attempt . After 10 days , with the help of my mother’s support and words of wisdom I started preparing again.I was told that since I am so disappointed it only means I am very close to my target. CSAT was introduced which was a welcome step .In my previous attempt, I had not met some criteria like to the point answers,proper examples,analysis,introduction and conclusion of answers etc. I took guidance from my teachers and corrected those mistakes. Profile Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” So, How important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? Candidate’s profile is for the candidate , not the interview board. If one feels satisfied and can justify himself, there is no problem.Studying from an unknown college is not a problem.Work experience if there can help if one is prepared and can handle questions on it.It is only one’s confidence and the attitude on the day that matters.Plus interview is so much subjective that anxiety is of no use. How do you rate your own profile? I have a decent profile How much portion of your interview centered on your profile? Questions were mostly on my job experience,hobbies,graduation (apart from some on optionals and others were situational). Did they ask any uncomfortable questions from your profile? No Backup Q. In case you had not cleared the Union Public Service Commission exam, what was your career/future backup plan? In any case I would not have returned to my previous work. I would have tried for administrative jobs in state services, Bank PO etc. But frankly I didnt have any solid back up plan. Working professional What is your advice and tips to working professionals – particularly on time Management? I cant suggest much since I studied after resigning only. The Message What is your message to the aspirants? "we have limited time,but unlimited energies to accomplish what we need.Hence,instead of following what others do,just follow your inner voice and that will guide you throughout your life(keep listening to it)." Family and Friends Q. Behind one topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? Any specific incidence that you would like to share with the readers? Only one person-My Mother. On a December day in 2009, I called my mother from my office and told her that things were not to my liking and satisfaction there. She forced me into quick introspection based on my attitude,life aim,past experiences and what I was doing when I felt good last time. Civil service preparation emerged as the solution.After deliberation for 4 days,the decision was made. Your Study plan CSAT (Paper I) General studies [TABLE=width: 85] [TR] [TD]Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Current Affairs[/TD] [TD]The Hindu, Indian Express, Wikipedia, Govt Reports[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History Ancient/Medieval/Modern[/TD] [TD]Old NCERT books Bipan Chandra CrackIas Notes TMH Guide[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Physical Geography[/TD] [TD]NCERT only[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]NCERT crackias notes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of World[/TD] [TD]NCERT school atlas[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity and Governance[/TD] [TD]Indian Polity by M.Laxmikant (TMH Publication) crackias notes Pratiyogita Darpan special edition[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public Policy[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rights issue[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment and Biodiversity[/TD] [TD]Govt reports on Environment ICSE environment studies books Internet India Year Book(selective only)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economic and social Development[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science[/TD] [TD]TMH Guide Hindu (Science background helps)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economy[/TD] [TD]NCERT economics xi,xii Hindu’s Monday economy analysis Mrunal’s articles on economy Pratiyogita Darpan special edition[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] About the CSAT aptitude [TABLE=width: 80] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Quantitative Aptitude[/TD] [TD]Unique’s Book[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Data interpretation[/TD] [TD]Unique’s Book[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Logical reasoning[/TD] [TD]Unique’s Book[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Reading comprehension[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Decision Making and Problem solving[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Mains Examination Compulsory Language papers [TABLE=width: 100] [TR] [TD][/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]English[/TD] [TD]Solved 2 year papers[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian language paper[/TD] [TD]Solved 5 year papers practice it properly,questions are repeated also in grammar portion,attempt full paper, Do not relax thinking the marks are not counted.*[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] [*Mrunal Comment: Mr.Rohit is absolutely right, see this RTI reply of Union Public Service Commission- so many candidates fail in the compulsory language paper (Click Me)] General Studies paper I [TABLE=width: 83] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History[/TD] [TD] India's Struggle For Independence by Bipin Chandra (Penguin Publication) Spectrum book on Modern India (selective) Crackias notes [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Culture[/TD] [TD]Spectrum book on Indian Culture (very selective)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]CrackIas notes Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity[/TD] [TD]Indian Polity by M.Laxmikanth (TMH Publication)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Issues of social relevance[/TD] [TD]Newspapers TV debates[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian economy and planning[/TD] [TD]Yojana Economic Survey Crackias notes Planning Commission website[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public health[/TD] [TD]Internet[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Law and order[/TD] [TD]Polity material Punchi commission report[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Good governance[/TD] [TD]Internet(use Wiki)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment[/TD] [TD]Govt reports News class 11,12 Env science books Internet[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper 2 [TABLE=width: 100] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [TD]Remarks, if Any[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India and the World*[/TD] [TD][/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian diaspora*[/TD] [TD]current affairs+Internet only[/TD] [TD]make note of famous Indians in past one year abroad(in diverse fields)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India’s Economic interaction with world[/TD] [TD][/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]International affairs and institutions[/TD] [TD]World Focus Magazine(yearly issue,april,may issue) Internet Civil Services Times magazine[/TD] [TD]V N Khanna book for basics[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Statistics[/TD] [TD]Spectrum papers[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science & Tech.[/TD] [TD] TMH book on science and Tech The Hindu CrackIas notes Internet [/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Optional Subject #1 and #2 PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Paper 1 Fadia and Fadia Nicholas Henry(selective) class coaching notes +Internet Paper2 Newspapers( most important) Report of 2nd ARC Commission. Punchi commission report Govt statistics PIB releases Arora Goyal Avasthi and Avasthi. Public Administration Preparation Tips Most important approach is to interlink the two papers, using relevant examples from current events,analysing through facts , answers should be new and not bookish at all. Syllabus completion here is important but more important is understanding of relevance of all topics in day to day administration. PSYCHOLOGY Paper 1 Psychology by Baron (Pearson publication) introduction to psychology by Clifford Morgan, Richard King and John Schopler Psychology an Introduction(Atkinson and Hilguard) by Cengage Learning ( this is very good for latest researches , helped me in making my answers different) NCERT, Mukul Pathak Sir’s notes (writing to the point and with recent developments in core areas will help,can use diagrams also) Paper2 Social psychology by Baron, Applied Psychology by Smarak Swain(Indian Revenue Service), Class notes of Goldi Sir Internet Newspapers( thinking from psychological angle of current issues will help) Interview How did you prepare for the interview? I prepared my biodata for a set of probabale questions and took mock tests. Was your interview on the expected lines of what you had prepared or Did they ask you totally unexpected questions? I was in KK Paul Sir’s Board. It was on expected lines ( mostly profile based) but I felt I did not get much opportunity to open up. Toughest Question in Interview What was the toughest question you faced during the interview and how did you answer it? “how will you convince the political leadership if it is unwilling to accept that development is possible.Dont say I will convince,how will you actually do it” I replied , “Sir, I will initiate a pilot project in my area and based on the result of that I will use the facts to convince the political leadership that change is possible” I have posted the interview on Indianofficer.com Marksheet [TABLE] [TR] [TD]SUBJECTS[/TD] [TD]MARKS[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]ESSAY (PAPER-III)[/TD] [TD]108[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV)[/TD] [TD]107[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-V)[/TD] [TD]101[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VI)[/TD] [TD]167[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VII)[/TD] [TD]162[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(PSYCHOLOGY) (PAPER-VIII)[/TD] [TD]188[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(PSYCHOLOGY) (PAPER-IX)[/TD] [TD]139[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]WRITTEN TOTAL[/TD] [TD]972[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]PERSONALITY TEST[/TD] [TD]171[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]FINAL TOTAL[/TD] [TD]1143[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Remarks :-RECOMMENDED Did you use indianofficer.com for your preparation? If yes, How did it help you? It has mostly serious aspirants so one adds value to his preparation through sharing of info,discussions here.Plus great inputs are provided for study material also.It is a no nonsense type of forum and different from others .
  21. Hi, I find it very hard to understand certain articles. I am sure this is the case with many of us. So I thought I should create a thread where one can post an article one finds very hard to comprehend, for someone else to explain. Here is my article: India, UK amend pact on avoidance of double taxation | Firstpost What is the meaning of the following statements: --> benefits of the Convention would also be available to partners of the UK partnerships. --> The withholding taxes on the dividends would be 10 percent or 15 percent and would be equally applicable in the UK and in India. --> measures of conservancy. --> anti- abuse (limitation of benefits) provisions
  22. •First SI partneHi r to achieve OracleHi All, Hi All, PFA the current affairs and GK quiz published on current affairs and business news site for April... Should be helpful for all preparing for different competitive exams. PFA the current affairs and GK quiz published on current affairs and business news site for April... Should be helpful for all preparing for different competitive exams.Fusion HCM and •First SI partner to achieve Oracle Fusion HCM and Talent Management Applications specialization before any other global/diamond SI partner Talent Management Applications specialization before any other global/diamond SI partner
  23. Hello All, I hope you all are now comparatively relaxed after the UPSC Preliminary Examination Exams. It's now the Mains which needs your utmost attention. Preparation strategy for this exam is markedly different to UPSC Preliminary Examination, where you need to emphasize on gaining conceptual clarity and ability to clearly express yourself. I wish and hope you all get the requisite motivation, courage and strength to "pad the pedal" atleast till Nov 2012. Couple of months back, I had started this initiative of putting factual information in form of a blog which might be useful to CSE Aspirants. Today I present 6th topic on my blog - Public Expenditure & Defence Budget of India. I hope you find it interesting. This latest entry is comparatively lengthier as there were many things I thought I should explain. I have been preparing the posts keeping in mind things that would help for CSE exam preparation. Though I have tried to scrutinize each and every information I put in there, but as with any other human beings, I am also prone to errors. Should you find any information factually incorrect then please send me ur comments with link to the data which supports your comment. I will be happy to accommodate such changes. This post took me a lot of time for preparation and I hope you will find it useful. The blog can be accessed here: Public Expenditure & Defence Budget of India Happy Reading P.S: I have been posting things on the thread "Current Affairs for Prelims, Mains, Interview: Rally up everyone, lets get back to business", but thought of creating a new thread for easy visibility and maximum coverage. Please provide your comments and feedback on content (that I should include) and also any improvements.
  24. Is it possible to design a Mini Operation Theater within Aircraft in future by Aircraft Manufacturers ?. Space could be a constraint in current design of aircraft. This would be useful for passengers who are small children, adults, pregnant women, old people on aircraft board. Surgeon will be available on the Airplane to attend emergency medical cases of passengers. The Mini Operation theater will have facilities such as Blood bottles, ECG Machines, Bloop Pressure Machines, Surgical Instruments, Saline bottles etc Thanks & Regards, Prashant S Akerkar
  25. Introduction [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Name[/TD] [TD]Sridhar P N (IOusername [MENTION=8761]sridharpn[/MENTION])[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Roll number[/TD] [TD]311458[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rank (CSE 2011)[/TD] [TD]267[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Optional Subjects[/TD] [TD]Public Administration and Anthropology[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Medium for Mains Exam[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Mains Examination Centre[/TD] [TD]Hyderabad[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Number of Attempts[/TD] [TD]1[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Details of Graduation and Post-Grad.[/TD] [TD] MBA, IIM Calcutta B.E, Vasavi College of Engineering, Hyderabad) [/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Schooling (Medium)[/TD] [TD]English[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Extracurricular activities, hobbies, achievements etc.[/TD] [TD]Playing Cricket, Watching Tennis, Browsing the net[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Are you a working professional?[/TD] [TD]Yes (Sales Manager, Dabur India Ltd)[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, then did you leave your job or prepared while on the job?[/TD] [TD]Left the job before UPSC Preliminary Examination[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you take Coaching?[/TD] [TD]Prelims: Yes Mains: Yes Interview: Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you buy any postal courses?[/TD] [TD]No[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you join any Mock test series?[/TD] [TD]Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Did you appear in any other competitive exams?[/TD] [TD]Yes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]If yes, provide the details:[/TD] [TD]CAT[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Questions Inception Q. When and how did the inspiration and idea of joining civil service come in your mind? The idea of joining the civil services was there from my graduation days. Moreover, my family was always inclined towards a career in civil service for me. Finally, I took the plunge a few years after my Post Graduation The Choice of Optional Subjects Q7. After a person decides to appear in civil service exam, the first big obstacle is “Choice of optional subjects”. What factors did you consider before selecting your optional? I was always clear on my Optional Subjects – Public Administration and Anthropology. The easy availability of coaching and material for these subjects in Hyderabad was the prime reason. Momentum Q. People initially prepare with much enthusiasm but then a boredom phase appears. How did you sustain the study-momentum throughout this journey? I agree that boredom is bound to set in, especially when the exam process itself takes one long year. In my case, since I was married, I had added responsibilities. I used to relax by spending time with my family or going out for a movie on weekends. Also meeting friends with whom you can discuss/share your views also used to rejuvenate me after a constant phase of study. Hours On an average, How many hours did you study per day? How many months did it take you to complete the core syllabus of GS and optional subjects? On an average, I prepared for 6-7 hours per day. The core syllabus of GS took me about 5 months to complete. Public Administration and Anthropology were mostly done after UPSC Preliminary Examination (4 months), although I attended coaching for a part of these subjects before the UPSC Preliminary Examination. Internet How did you use computer and internet for your exam-preparation? By and large, I stuck to books and newspaper (The Hindu) for my mains preparation. Only for a few miscellaneous areas in Optional subjects, I checked up on websites. For the interview, both for the probable questions on my bio-data and current affairs I used internet a lot for preparation. Essay How did you prepare yourself for the essay? I did not prepare separately for the Essay. I did read some articles on how to structure a good essay. Regarding content, the preparation for GS was sufficient to help me write a good Essay. Which Essay did you write in Mains-2011? On Small states What were your keypoints in that essay? I gave a balanced viewpoint mentioning both the pros and cons of smaller states. I quoted some provisions of the constitution and current examples for the same. How many marks did you get in that essay? I scored 125 Marks in the essay. Profile Many aspirants fear the interview, thinking that “my profile is not good because I’ve low marks in SSC/HSC/College, I don’t have any extra-curricular certificates, I don’t have work experience, I graduated from some unknown college, I’m from non-English medium and so on…” So, how important or relevant is the profile of a candidate during interview? I feel that profile can be the basis for asking questions during interview. It is a matter of luck as to how much of the interview will be based on that. There are cases where almost nothing was asked from the profile. So from our end, whatever the profile, being prepared on the same is the least that we are expected to do. How do you rate your own profile? I felt that I had a good profile having worked both in India and UAE as a Sales Manager. On the hobbies and extra-curricular activities, I felt that I didn’t have anything significant. How much portion of your interview centered on your profile? My interview started off with the Chairman asking questions on my work experience. Post that, a couple of members also asked me questions on my profile. So roughly, about 50% of the interview centered on my profile. Did they ask any uncomfortable questions from your profile? No Backup Q. In case you had not cleared the Union Public Service Commission exam, what was your career/future backup plan? The backup plan was to get back to Corporate world. Working professional What is your advice and tips to working professionals – particularly on time Management? I quit my job to prepare for the exam so can’t give any advice on this. Family and Friends Q. Behind one topper are many people who stood by him/her during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? My entire family, especially my wife and mother, stood by me during the long journey. Your Study plan CSAT (Paper I) General studies [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [TD]remark, if any[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Current Affairs[/TD] [TD]Newspaper – The Hindu[/TD] [TD]Made daily notes[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History Ancient/Medieval/Modern[/TD] [TD]Material from Coaching[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Physical Geography[/TD] [TD]Material from Coaching[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]Material from Coaching[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of World[/TD] [TD]Material from Coaching[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity and Governance[/TD] [TD]Material from Coaching and Lakshmikant[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public Policy[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare separately[/TD] [TD]Only Newspaper[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Rights issue[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare separately[/TD] [TD]Only Newspaper[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment and Biodiversity[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare separately[/TD] [TD]Only Newspaper[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economic and social Development[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare separately[/TD] [TD]Only Newspaper[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare separately[/TD] [TD]Only Newspaper[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Economy[/TD] [TD]Mostly from The Hindu[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] CSAT Paper II (Aptitude) I did not prepare much for aptitude as I had given CAT earlier. Only refreshed all the core areas from TIME Material Mains Examination Compulsory Language papers [TABLE] [TR] [TD][/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]English[/TD] [TD]None[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian language paper[/TD] [TD]Telugu – Practiced writing for about 20 mins in the last 2 months and also read one editorial daily from Newspaper as mostly current affairs essay is asked in the exam. Also went through past 4 years question papers as most questions are repeated[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper I [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [TD]Remarks, if Any[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]History[/TD] [TD]Read Coaching Material[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Culture[/TD] [TD]Left this area[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Geography of India[/TD] [TD]Read Coaching Material[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Polity[/TD] [TD]Read Coaching Material and Lakshmikant[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Issues of social relevance[/TD] [TD]Newspaper (The Hindu)[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian economy and planning[/TD] [TD]Newspaper (The Hindu)[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Public health[/TD] [TD]Did not do separately[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Law and order[/TD] [TD]Did not do separately[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Good governance[/TD] [TD]Newspaper (The Hindu)[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Environment[/TD] [TD]Did not do separately[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] General Studies paper 2 [TABLE] [TR] [TD]Syllabus Topic[/TD] [TD]Source of your preparation[/TD] [TD]Remarks, if Any[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India and the World[/TD] [TD]World Focus Magazine (Nov edition which has summary of entire year visits)[/TD] [TD]Along with Newspaper[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Indian diaspora[/TD] [TD]From Newspaper[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]India’s Economic interaction with world[/TD] [TD]From Newspaper[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]International affairs and institutions[/TD] [TD]Did not prepare separately[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Statistics[/TD] [TD]Previous papers[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]Science & Tech.[/TD] [TD]Sri Ram’s material on S&T[/TD] [TD][/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Optional Subject #1 and #2 Public Administration Public Administration – Polinaidu New Horizons of PA – Mohit Bhattacharya Braintree Coaching Material Class Notes from Coaching (Hyderabad Study Circle) Yojana Magazine and The Hindu Newspaper The first 4 Chapters are very important in Paper 1. A very good understanding is needed on the crux of what each thinker has said. I tried to quote thinkers wherever it was relevant and tried to give current examples. For Paper 2, since the paper will be very general one needs to quote from various sources like Constitution, 2nd ARC Reports, Current examples etc. Personally, I couldn’t do 2nd ARC reports due to lack of time but found them to be good during my Interview preparation. Although I expected a score of around 330 in Pub Adm, I ended up only with 254 marks (148+106). I would put it down to bad luck. Anthropology Physical Anthropology – P Nath Anthropology – Ember (Selectively) BrainTree and Muniratnam Sir’s Material Class Notes from Coaching Institute I relied primarily on material available in the market and did text books only selectively. For Paper 1, it is advised that diagrams be drawn in the exam for Physical Anthro part, although I couldn’t do that due to lack of time. Ember is good for Human evolution and Socio-cultural Anthro but did only selectively as it is not exam-oriented. For Paper 2, I relied only on Class notes and printed material of Target Indian Administrative Service. Interview How did you prepare for the interview? My preparation was primarily on my bio-data. I listed out the probable questions from the bio-data and prepared on them. In addition to this, I read Newspaper regularly and brushed through all the relevant Yojana Magazines during that period. Who was the chairman of your interview board? Mr. IMG Khan Was your interview on the expected lines of what you had prepared or did they ask you totally unexpected questions? It was on the expected lines of my preparation. What was the toughest question you faced during the interview and how did you answer it? I did not face any question of such type. Marksheet [TABLE] [TR] [TD]SUBJECTS[/TD] [TD]MARKS[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]ESSAY (PAPER-III)[/TD] [TD]125[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-IV)[/TD] [TD]120[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]GENRAL STUDIES (PAPER-V)[/TD] [TD]127[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VI)[/TD] [TD]148[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-I(PUBLIC ADMIN.) (PAPER-VII)[/TD] [TD]106[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(ANTHROPOLOGY) (PAPER-VIII)[/TD] [TD]150[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]OPTIONAL-II(ANTHROPOLOGY) (PAPER-IX)[/TD] [TD]172[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]WRITTEN TOTAL[/TD] [TD]948[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]PERSONALITY TEST[/TD] [TD]188[/TD] [/TR] [TR] [TD]FINAL TOTAL[/TD] [TD]1136[/TD] [/TR] [/TABLE] Remarks: Recommended. Message Q. What is your message to the aspirants? Although this exam is unpredictable in nature, with hard work and a little bit of luck this exam can be cracked. My message to the aspirants would be – Give it your best shot from your end and hope for the best. I used Indian Officer for my preparation occasionally, although I was only a passive user most of the times. It was particularly useful for interview preparation.